Rate this paper
  • Currently rating
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
3.33 / 3
Paper Topic:

u02d2 The Construct of Self-Esteem

People with low self-esteem also want to know if their appearance is adequate and if they look and behave appropriately . So they may spend a lot of time in front of a mirror watching the way they hold themselves when standing , walking , sitting , or speaking . In other words , individuals with low self-esteem do their best to prove they are not worse than others and to maintain the favorable and positive opinion of them . It is thus not surprising that

Page 2

they prefer the company of people who will admire and support

them to those who might criticize and ridicule them . They usually react to any criticism by becoming angry , hostile , or ashamed and humiliated (Heine et al , 1999

Low self-esteem in the Freudian theoretical model

According to Sigmund Freud 's psychoanalytic theory , a sense of low self-esteem may be explained by a conflict between individuals ' wish to perform well and be successful and a worry (anxiety ) that they may fail in this task and , as a result , be criticized or humiliated . What follows is a situation when individuals feel unhappy and blocked instead of acting appropriately . Their experience of anxiety caused by their deficiencies is painful to live with and can 't last for long . In such cases defense mechanisms are used to solve the problem and they start to pretend or imagine that they possess the qualities which , in reality they lack . They emphasize their importance , power , or independence and try to convince other people that they are really like this . Every now and then they need evidence that they are loved and admired by other people in to maintain their positive image and self-esteem . Those who criticize them only enhance their feeling of anxiety , and are therefore avoided (Heine et al , 1999

It is not known exactly...

Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay (only for $12.99)