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Paper Topic:

What are the strengths and weaknesses of `Realist` and `neo Realist` international relations theories? Give examples in your answer.

`Realist` and `neo Realist` international relations theories

International Relations is a vast concept of political science which deals with the behavior among all states , their governmental and non-governmental activities . After the horrible effects of World Wars 1 and 2 , international relations has been a subject of many speculations disputes (Brown , 2005 . Because of this , international relations paved the way for a more specific and functional academic discipline . Also , it gave way for the rise of several theories which are still under heated discussions among analysts . Two of which are the theories

of realism and neo realism

Realism , or classical realism , is one of the most famous theories regarding international relations and politics . It may also be referred to as political realism because it covers a wide range of theories which all leads to the basic idea that states are motivated by the lust for economic , military and security power . Realists also hold that states are international actors who are egotistic and willing to achieve national interests rather than common good . It also means that states are more provoked to function with self-sustaining and self-protective goals in mind rather than attaining moral ethics and ideals

On the other hand , neorealism , also called structural realism , holds to the idea that states are also egoists but they are rational and work under the anarchical conditions . The state , based n this theory is a guardian of its own security and independence (Spanier , 1978 . This theory works in such a way that the states ' main goal is to survive and outlive other states thus they live and fulfill their own interests without being subordinated by other states . Balancing , for neo realists is a mere product of survival . And because of wanting to achieve survival , the members of the states or the people will practice their political units and resources . Furthermore , neorealists believe that in to have full state security , the state should be well-prepared at all times for divergences which other states through economic and military upsurge . The state 's survival is their paramount concern because of the notion that today 's friend may be tomorrows enemy in war (Baldwin , 1993 . These two theories are the major strands which constitute the international relations theory but these theories , like most other theories , also have several consistencies and inconsistencies in them

First is that classical realism emerges from a very pessimistic notion about human nature . That is , classical realism presses that people are all hungry for political , economic and military power . According to Morgenthau , each person must act selfishly , to some extent , in to preserve himself . On the positive side , classical realism also provides the world of politics a good emphasis on political systems and that is to organize individuals into clusters that can defend their members through giving more emphasis that power relative among all and that it does not last forever

Neorealism , on the other hand , opposes the evil nature of man . Instead the theory holds that interstate conflict does not result from...

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