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Paper Topic:

sociology

Samurai

2004

The basis of story in film The Last Samurai ' became armed rising of 1877 by Samurai in province Satsuma under leadership of Saigo Takamori (who was replaced in film by Katsumoto . Samurai were not satisfied by governmental reforms of Emperor Mutsuhito and by the fact that government prohibited to have swords to those , who didn 't serve in the army . Captain Neiton Algren , American military officer , was hired by Japanese Emperor to teach the first army of modern art of military actions . Emperor tries to extirpate the ancient class of

Emperor Samurai , being prepared to more western policy of government , supporting foreign commerce . In this film noble Japanese traditions were contrasted with modernized western society , where the only possibility to survive is to be guided by your own understanding of honor

Samurai Katsumoto is strict not because of pomposity , he is natural speaking about poetry , and telling that this is way of Busido , and admiring captain of enemy 's army . Samurai life is shown during the whole film , and it is not a window-dressing life , it attracts by its deepness absolute conditionality of actions , strictness , discipline and renunciation

When we speak about Japan , we use word Samurai ' as common noun for warrior . Really , it is a military-feudal class , which during numerous centuries served as face of the country

Samurai subculture formed great part of common-national Japanese culture , and for those Europeans , who visited this closed government exactly Samurai subculture was the only one deserving attention and description . Distillation of spiritual life during the whole history of Japanese nobility was a sword . The sword also was the only mean to survive . The 35th law of Tokugava Jzjasu says 'Sword is Samurai soul Who looses the sword , will loose his soul and has to pay a big fine This is also a reason , that there are big collections of swords in Japanese monasteries . The sword was the first thing , Samurai left when he denied high life . In no other country cult of sword was as high as in Japan , where it became , in the full meaning of this word , a subject of adoration and worship

In ancient Japan word samurai (`saburai ) formed from verb saburahi , had meaning to serve a great person , a person of high class . Samurai first appeared in VIII century at the East and North-East of country . They led life in continuous fights and defended governmental borders . Only in X-XII centuries they finally formed Samurai clans , which had great influence . During that period appeared moral codex of Samurai Kuba-no Miti , which later changed into strict codex Busi-do

First of all , faithfulness and honor were demanded from Samurai cowardice and treachery , as well as self-conceit were punished with death sentence . Firmness during the battle was appraised , whereas a lot of Samurai achieved honor and high posts for their service . In XII-XIII centuries finally were formed all main standards of army arts , kinds of cold steel , methodic of trainings , rules of fight and ethics of behavior at the battle-field...

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