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Paper Topic:

what is sociology, anyway? Why bother to study it

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Sociology is the study of the individuals , groups , and institutions that make up human society . The field of sociology covers an extremely broad range that includes every aspect of human social conditions Sociologists observe and record how people relate to one another and to their environments . They also study the formation of groups the causes of various forms of social behavior and the role of churches , schools and other institutions within a society . Sociology is a social science

and is closely related to anthropology , psychology , and other social sciences

Most sociological studies deal with the predominant attitudes behavior , and types of relationships within a society . A society is a group of people who have a similar cultural background and live in a specific geographical area . Each society has a social structure that is a network of interrelationships among individuals and groups Sociologists study these various relationships in to determine their effect on the overall function of the society

Sociological data can also help explain the causes of crime , poverty and other social problems . The field of applied sociology deals with the use of this knowledge to develop solutions for such problems

Sociologists formulate theories based on observations of various aspects of society . They use scientific methods to test these theories but few sociological studies can be conducted in a laboratory under controlled conditions

The sociologist 's ability to form indisputable conclusions is also limited by the diverse and changing nature of human beings and society As a result , many sociological studies are less precise than those in the biological and physical sciences

Sometimes societies evolve gradually . At other times , they change abruptly , as in times of revolution . Change can result from planning or it can be unintentional . Every society changes , but not all change at the same rate or in the same direction . Revolutionary change is often accompanied by violence

Most changes benefit some people more than thy benefit others , and they may penalize some people . For this reason , some resistance to change is inevitable . Many social changes have had both beneficial and undesirable consequences

When change improves conditions , people 's expectations grow . They become dissatisfied with current achievements and demand more Sometimes they demand changes in the laws . But when people believe that their grievances cannot be corrected within the system , they call for more radical change . Government agencies are employing an increasing number of sociologists to study the general conditions and needs of communities . Their findings are used in determining government policies on housing , education , safety , and other matters of civic concern Along these lines , sociologists have an obligation to work toward the solution of social problems and the establishment of social justice


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