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Paper Topic:

The three sociological perspectives


Three Sociological Perspectives

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Three Sociological Perspectives

Generally , there are three sociological perspectives that sociologists use today to approach certain s regarding the society . These theoretical perspectives are symbolic interactionist , functional analysis , and conflict . These theoretical perspectives hold different approaches in terms of viewing the society as a whole . These different theoretical perspectives can also provide different approaches for different people depending on how it suits them

The symbolic interactionist perspective is

a sociological perspective that generalizes everyday or fundamental forms of social interaction (Schaeffer and Lamm , 1998 . The interactionist perspective , as the word suggests , focuses more on the small groups interact with each other The interactionist perspective focuses more on small groups in to understand society as a whole . So basically it sees society as a product of the interaction to these small groups . If I were to put this perspective into use , I can view myself as an individual who has certain responsibilities to fulfill in my family . In a larger picture , my family has responsibilities to perform in the society

In the functional analysis perspective , the structure of the society is given more focus to achieve stability (Schaeffer and Lamm , 1998 . It focuses on the functions and dysfunctions of institutions within the society . For example , I am a student , thus I have a specific function to fulfill within the group I belong in , my school . Namely , I have to study and participate in the institution wherein I belong

According to American functionalist sociologist , Robert Merton , there are two types of human functions under the category of functional analysis perspective . There are the manifest functions and latent functions

The manifest functions , as the word suggest , are functions pertaining to the obvious and explicit . Manifest functions can be easily identified by the merely use of common sense . Latent functions deals with the subtle and implicit . It is very hard to determine and pinpoint these latent functions as opposed to manifest functions that only require common sense . Latent functions require sociological approaches to be determined

The conflict perspective argues that the structure of society is a product of conflicts , may it be past or ongoing . This perspective draws much from the works of Karl Marx on class conflict (Schaeffer and Lamm 1998 . If I am to use this perspective on my education , my education is a product of my past conflict which is the lower levels of education . It is also my ongoing conflict as I am still striving to graduate

There are also levels of analysis that we can use to view s in the society . There are the micro and macro levels of analysis . These sociological concepts are also known as macrosociology and microsociology . Basically , it is almost self-explanatory . Micro pertains to the small picture ' and macro is about the big picture ' The micro level of analysis is much focused on the small societal patterns It is more meticulous on the small details...

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