The idea that increased knowledge and human improvement go together became fundamental to the Enlightenment . Rousseau not only rejected this idea but proclaimed the opposite , stressing the simplicity of nature over the artificiality of society , feeling and faith over doubt and rationalism , and the freedom of individual genius over hard and fast aesthetic rules . In Discourse on Arts and Sciences , Rousseau affirms that sophistication has always led to moral corruption , and argues little good and moral value comes from the pursuit of art . High civilization makes societies become enfeebled sociability makes men
br false to each other and to themselves . This apparent paradox , and the rhetorical force with which Rousseau argues it , prompts dozens of refutations . In the course of replying to them , Rousseau comes to think more deeply about the causes of what he holds to be social corruption The source of evil is inequality and dependence . Man is naturally good and has only been made bad by social relations , vanity , and pride Rousseau 's philosophy expressed the negative human transformation of a positive self-love he called amour de soi ' into pride , or amour-propre ' Amour de soi represents the instictive human desire for self-preservation , combined with the human power of reason . In contrast , the unnatural and artificial amour-propre forces man to compare himself to others , thus creating unwarranted fear and allowing men to take pleasure in the pain or weakness of others . Neither this distinction between self-preservation and pride , nor the rejection of a malevolent supreme as the sole cause of human degradation originated with Rousseau his philosophy merely contributed to a wave of thought started long before
Rejecting religious dogma and superstition , thinkers of the Age of Reason ' applied a new emphasis on empiricism and rationality to their thought , like John Locke who believed in experience laid the essence to learning . Rousseau later applied Locke 's philosophy to his own creating an influential masterwork , Emile , on proper methods for educating children that included a sensuous natural upbringing . With the foundation laid by Descartes , Galileo , Copernicus , the emergence of modern science and the scientific method , the eighteenth century saw a new approach to human experience and understanding . A wave of change swept across European thinking , exemplified by the natural philosophy and scientific discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton . The publication of his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica provided a provable and a coherent system of natural law that easily made useful predictions about Nature this glimpse into the cosmic rulebook set the tone of for much of what followed in the century . The idea of uniform laws for natural phenomenon mirrored the greater systematization in a variety of studies the Enlightenment saw itself as looking into the mind of God by studying creation and mining the basic truths of the world . With the concept of scriptural revelation becoming superfluous in the Enlightenment , the spirit of empirical observation encouraged the seventeenth-century natural philosophy of Benedictus de Spinoza and his Ethics , which expounded a monistic view of the universe where God and Nature were...
More Courseworks on nature, philosophy, John Locke, Locke, Rousseau
- John Locke
- Compare and Contrast the views of John Locke and Jean Rousseau regarding the characteristics of man in the state of nature. Using Sigmund Freuds conception of human nature, who has a more accurate view of people-Locke or Rousseau? Why?
- Compare the differences AND SIMILARITIES between Rousseau and Locke in regards to the origin and political significance of private property. How do they attempt to justify the existence of private property? How do they differ regarding the justification o
- make up one for me
- political philosophy
- Answer this Question? The `State of Nature` as Hobbes sees it, and then as Locke sees it...in other words, what is Hobbes` State of Nature, and what is Locke`s State of Nature? How are they different, how are they similar?
- The Truman Show- Philosophy
- Compare and contrast Rosseau and Locke`s conception of property. What would they say to each other?
Related searches on John Locke, Locke, Rousseau
- John Locke reports
- sample courseworks on nature
- papers on philosophy
- Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica analysis
- merits of nature
- disadvantages of John Locke
- advantages and disadvantages of Locke
- Locke summary
- cause and effect of John Locke
- nature fallacies
- John Locke test
- advantages of Locke
- John Locke introduction