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Paper Topic:

negative effects of indian reservations in the present day and age

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22 April 2008

Negative Effects of Indian Reservations in the Present Day and Age

Thousands of years before the arrival of the English colonists , the natives of America flourished in a rich , abundant land that provided well for its inhabitants . The Americas were filled with peoples as radically different from one another as they are from Swedes or Chinese There are hundreds of cultures , languages , and ways of living in Native America . The place was a model of diversity at the time of Columbus arrival (Jaimes

440

With the advent of dispute between the colonizers and the natives , one by one the Indian tribes were shoved backwards and forced to inhabit lands they do not want

Conflicts arose in view of the question of where the Native Americans should settle the most famous conflict of which was the Great Sioux War It was a lengthy , disjointed struggle between the U .S . Army and allied tribes of the Teton Sioux and Northern Cheyenne Indians that occurred in a span of fifteen months between March 1876 and May 1877 (Greene XV

Why do these Indian Reservations hurt the Native American ? In this , we shall answer this question and explore its effects and impact on the life and culture of the American Indian

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Because of escalating conflicts between the English settlers and the Native Americans , the U .S . Congress eventually passed several Acts beginning with the Indian Appropriations Act in 1851 . It authorized 100 ,000 .00 to be used in negotiating the reduction of Indian Territory and relocating the natives (Barrington 25

Various tribes were relocated from their ancestral lands to infertile lands allocated by the government . For this purpose , religious men who were nominated by churches were appointed to hold positions in government . Their job was to oversee Indian agencies on reservations in the hope of converting the Indians into Christianity . Quakers were very active in this effort (Levinson , et al . 491-492

They were given special privileges such as monetary benefits which fortified their dependence on the United States government . Here American Indians were promised education , healthcare , and other benefits . In the last quarter of the nineteenth century , the federal government took the role of guardian of the Indian land . While recognizing each tribe 's ownership of the land , the federal government held ultimate authority over American-Indian affairs (Levinson , et al 491-492

Presently , there are about 310 Indian reservations in the country and more than 550 recognized tribes recognized by the federal government (Wikipedia 2008 . This means that not all tribes have been awarded with reservations and are living in urban areas

Although a small but growing middle-class has emerged recently , most American-Indians are likely to have low incomes , high levels of unemployment , and low educational and occupational attainment , whether they live on reservations or in urban areas . Reservations are home to about one-fourth of the American-Indian population (Levinson , et al 491-492

Because these Indian reservations are isolated from the economic mainstream of the United States...

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