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Paper Topic:

2.The issues of sectionalism, slavery, and continuing expansion did not have a significant impact on the country. Supporting essay should discuss up to about 1850.

Question 2 . The issues of sectionalism , slavery , and continuing expansion did not have a significant impact on the country . Supporting essay should discuss up to about 1850


Between 1803 and 1853 , the area of the United States more than tripled As the nation expanded westward , the different parts of the country grew apart . The people of the North , the South and the West all developed different ways of life because of the different climates , kinds of land and natural resources in the three sections . Each section had its own problems

and people wanted the national government to pass only such laws as would help their section . This attitude is known as sectionalism and it would cause great harm to the unity of the country

In the past , people of the different areas had worked together because they all wanted the same things . Thus , the generations of Americans from the 1770s to the 1840s achieved great successes in territorial expansion . However , from 1820 to 1860 , national unity lessened as sectional interests came first and people argued among themselves about tariffs , money , the building of roads and railroads and were divided over slavery (Kurth , 1996

The social , economic and political conditions between the sections had diverged by 1850 . In the North , factories were being built and were producing a wide variety of articles . There was a movement of the immigrant population to the West where fertile farms were made out of the wilderness and acres of wheat and crop were grown . In the South cotton was king . The cotton economy of the South was based on the labor of the Negro slaves . As the cotton was milled , it was usually sent by ship to the textile factories in the North or to Europe . As the nation expanded in population and size , better transportation facilities were needed . The most important were the railroad , the steamboat and to a lesser extent , the canals . Most of them went from east to west , allowing the agricultural products of the West to be sent east and the manufactured products of the East to be went west . To a certain extent this shut off the South from the rest of the country (Morris , 1965

As more and more settlers moved west , more and more portions of land were organized as territories . The Southerners wanted to have slavery in at least some of the new territories because new farmland was need and since the plantation system was based on slavery , they sought this new land where slavery was permitted . Also , the Southerners wanted to keep the balance of power in the Senate

In 1819 when Missouri , a territory allowing slavery applied for admission as a state , the balance between slave and free states was threatened . If Missouri was accepted , there will then be eleven free states and twelve slave states . The North proposed that for Missouri to be accepted , the following conditions should apply that no additional slaves are to enter Missouri and the children of the slaves...

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