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Paper Topic:

isolationists vs internationalists: 1922-Dec. 6th 1941

Isolationism Vs Internationalism

Isolationism is generally a policy of nonparticipation in the international political and economic relations . It basically combines non-intervention in military policies and economic protectionism Isolationism is a belief that originated from the United States opposition in war intervention , allowing alliances and organizations . On the other hand , internationalism is a call for stronger economic and political cooperation , theoretically for the benefit of the international community


The isolationism in US was anchored on the basis of neutrality Neutrality , in international law is a policy that adheres to

the non-engagement in wars . The first doctrine of Neutrality was issued by George Washington . However , this rule of neutrality was viewed with two deceptive ' assumptions as being neither a judge nor party in conflicts which doesn 't employ biased opinions and that belligerents do not respect sovereignty of neutral states

However , the role of neutralism broke down at the event of the two world wars , which reflected the changes of interdependence among the states . Aside from economic targets , military targets also covered every nation , thus rejecting the tenets of neutrality at hand

Moreover , World Wars has underpinned isolationism by the end of nineteenth century . America 's isolationism broke down in the twentieth century when they started entering into treaties to strengthen commercial supremacy . The Spanish American War pushed US to acquire alliances and commitments in the Far East and the Caribbean

Following this course , isolationists in the US have started to decline its power and influence , when the US government started supporting their Allies amidst the First World War (Jonas , 1966

After the World War I , US , under the regime of Woodrow Wilson entered the League of Nations . Entry to the League of Nations is a means of entry towards collective security , thus challenging the political position of isolationists . The League served as bridge for international alliance - arbiter for territorial disputes brought by the war , and served as international police to avoid another war breakout . Though the League failed in containing the Second World War and was finally disbanded in 1946 , it brought about the birth of United Nations in the international scene

That by 1930s , internationalism has finally reached America , rooted from their goal to contain rising dictatorships in the global arena . The interval between the two world wars developed a sense of commitment among the American government to world law , collective security and a sense of policing the international arena , thus forming internationalism

Rise of Internationalism

The Great Depression in America has caused people to be more concerned in reviving the economy . And as if seeing another war performance could bring in dictatorship in US , citizens still favored isolationism Though , the Depression still has pushed countries particularly US and Britain together to boost their withering economies

The Japanese militarism gave them opportunities to commit aggressions in the South East Asia , uniting with Germany and Italy . Japan also signed a neutrality pact with the USSR to protect its bs . The continuing aggressions of Japanese military and government , and pursuing of...

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