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Paper Topic:

What is `The horror! the Horror` (Conrad154) that Kurtz relates to Marlowe before he dies


The Heart of Darkness treats the darkness in its various forms of representation during the Victorian Age . Conrad used it to symbolize the unknown , the uncivilized , the dark motives of civilization and Imperialism , and even the dark inclinations of men . The story uses the character of Kurtz to reflect these dark inclinations of men first unknown to him and continues to persists when it is already known

One of the most important symbolisms discussed in the story , as the title itself suggests , is the symbolism of darkness . Indeed , darkness had

been used in the story , both literally and symbolically , to reveal Conrad 's view of the world . But most especially , the symbol was used to represent human understanding . Kurtz final words : The horror ! The horror ' has also something to do with the story 's theme of darkness The horror ' which Kurtz is referring to is man 's failure to recognize what really is , in contrast to what he believes is supposed to . It was darkness when one believes he is doing the right thing , but has instead without him noticing it , succumbed to the greed and other acts which are contrary to morality . Marlow gave us a hint to this . He said about these words : this was the expression of some sort of belief it had candour it had conviction , it had a vibrating note of revolt in its whisper , it had the appalling face of a glimpsed truth - the strange commingling of desire and hate (Part 3

Kurtz was first introduced to be mad . However , as the reader goes on the story , we are presented that he is a man of many talents . We learn among others , that he is a gifted musician , a fine painter , an eloquent writer , and a character full of charisma able to lead men . Marlow is presented to us as very eager to meet with the man . Kurtz is a legend not only among the natives , but even with his fellow white men Nevertheless , he was led to his own downfall of his own doings . In this light , he is presented as highly gifted but degenerate . His fraternizing with the natives incurred the hatred of his fellow white men . In the story , we are told that Marlow is supposed to get Kurtz back to civilization . The natives , however , attacked Marlow 's ship in an attempt to prevent Kurtz from being taken . As soon as Marlow understands the man , he begins to ponder as to the real sanity of Kurtz . Marlow refers to him as hollow , yet he refers to him as a remarkable man . Bottom line is that we are presented with a Kurtz that is neither entirely good nor entirely evil

It was clearly presented to us that Kurtz displayed greed . In the words of Marlow : My Intended , my ivory , my station , my river , my-- everything belonged to him (Part 2 . Here we are also presented how many powers of darkness claimed him for their own (Part 2 . Marlow claimed it to...

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