Rate this paper
  • Currently rating
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
5.00 / 5
Paper Topic:

garden city of ebenezer howard in comparison to city of tomorrow of Le Corbusier

1 . Introduction

If you know one of their cities , you know them all , for they 're exactly alike , except where geography itself makes a difference . So I 'll describe one of them , and no matter which

Thomas More , Utopia

Advances in building , communication and information Technology are bringing the urban Utopias more and more in existence . Ebenezer Howard and Le Corbusier developed two of the popular utopian cities of the twentieth century . Modern urban structures are manifesting their visions . Howard envisioned a number of garden cities surrounding a central garden

city . Each city would be self contained and self functioning . On the other hand , Le Corbusier 's envisioned a central plaza with citizens housed in high rise buildings that are connected by multi-laned highways . The cities of Letchworth (U .K , Radburn (U .K , New Jersey (U .S , and Virginia (U .S ) are example models of these ideas

Howard proposed the Garden City as a reaction to the urban growth at his time . He suggested decentralizing current cities by redirecting urban growth into new garden cities that would surround existing cities . Each Garden City would be connected to the original city by transportation lines . Le Corbusier 's Radiant City was founded on technological advances . The Radiant City was of high rises and freeways . It was arranged into zones which are separated by plazas and parks . The center of the city was a multi-level traffic interchange (Barnecut 1999 :2

2 . Howard 's Garden City

The small book written by Ebenezer Howard in 1898 has introduced a concept that is the still the subject of today 's urban experiments Howard 's garden city has lived through the twentieth century and is still considered a viable planning tool . He demonstrated the garden city as a self contained city surrounded by a green agricultural belt in his diagrams . A social city which is a large city with a population of 58 ,000 would emerge in the center of a cluster of six Garden Cities each with 32 ,000 populations as shown in figure 1 . A more descriptive edition of Tomorrow was published in 1902 under the name Garden Cities of Tomorrow . The later had an artistic cover demonstrating the spirit of the garden city

Figure 1 : The Social City (Howard 1902

Howard proposed to solve the crowding of cities by engineering a reunion of city and nature in self-sufficient Garden Cities . These cities would house a socially mixed population and would be surrounded by greenbelts (Hirt 2007 :141 Despite popular misconception , there has never been a garden city built to match Howard 's original specifications . Letchworth , dating from 1903 and popularly acclaimed as the world 's first garden city , came nearest to the ideal (Hardy 2005 :383 . The reason this fundamental gap exists between Howard 's theoretical garden city and real cities is the hidden complexity within the simple design . Howard followed a middle course between utopianism and pragmatism introducing practical worthwhile change . Howard envisioned decentralization of urban population into self-contained settlements , His physical organization...

Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay (only for $12.99)