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Paper Topic:

emergence of Gandhi as leader of the nationalist movement in India

Emergence of Gandhi as leader of the nationalist movement in India

With Gandhi 's appearance on the Indian political scene in 1919 , he presented the British with a threat to the perpetuation of their privileged position He did so through his disarming candor independence , unpredictability , and uncanny ability to draw the masses around him and embarrass high-ranking government officials . When Gandhi assumed leadership of the congress in 1920 , he addressed the organization 's unwieldy structure , its listless inactivity , and even its lack of a full-time secretary . Setting out to strengthen the

organizational basis of India 's fragmented political life and address the split between westernizers and nativists , Gandhi emerged as a "reformer and [an] activist " and not as a political "theorist

Fearing the spread of violent political movements after World War I , the British passed the Rowlatt Acts in 1919 authorizing government officials to detain anyone suspected of sedition without regard for due process The action infuriated Gandhi , who had loyally supported the British cause during the war . In April , when British troops in the town of Amritsar fired upon demonstrators marching in support of two leaders who had been jailed for opposing the Rowlatt Acts , the seemingly random act of political repression came as a bloody shock to the population of India . In reaction to the shooting , members of the crowd ran amok burning government buildings and killing four Europeans . As public tension increased , General Reginald Dyer , the British officer in charge insisted on imposing martial law and broke...

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