Rate this paper
  • Currently rating
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
4.00 / 4
Paper Topic:

How the development of cognition is facilitated in the Bronfenbrenner and the Super & Harkness models.

Running head : TWO MODELS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITION

How the Development of Cognition is Facilitated in the Bronfenbrenner and the Super and Harkness Models

MACROBUTTON NoMacro [Insert Names of Author (s ) here]

MACROBUTTON NoMacro [Insert Institution information here]

Abstract

Cognition is described as the act or process of knowing . It involves every mental process , such as perception , recognition , reasoning and judgment . These functional components of cognition and their relationship with external reality have long been studied by psychologists and social scientists such as Urie Bronfenbrenner , Charles Super and

Sara Harkness

How the development of cognition is facilitated in the Bronfenbrenner and the Super and Harkness models

Cognition is described as the act or process of knowing . It involves every mental process , such as perception , recognition , reasoning and judgment . These functional components of cognition and their relationship with external reality have long been studied by psychologists and social scientists such as Urie Bronfenbrenner , Charles Super and Sara Harkness

In Bronfenbrenner 's Ecological Systems Theory ' also known as Human Ecology Theory ' he specified four types of nested environmental systems crucial to the development of cognition in humans These are microsystem , mesosystem , exosystem , and macrosystem . His microsystem includes the family , school , peer group , and neighborhood which typically serve as immediate environments . The mesosystem comprised of connections between the individual 's microsystems . The exosystem includes the individual 's parents ' workplace which has indirect effects on his development . The macrosystem is the larger cultural context , such as Western culture or political culture , which also affects development of cognition . Later he added the chronosystem which is described as the patterning of external events and transitions in the aging process

In the Super and Harkness model , cognitive functioning is understood through the context of cognition . Development of cognition includes not only evolutionary and biological constraints and affordances but also the cultures that nurtured the mind . The different influences of the cultures in the development of cognition may include the culturally shared ideas , expectations , habits of mind , communication patterns , and technologies . This model holds that variations in cognitive functioning especially in the aging mind , may well be explained by studying the meanings , artifacts , practices and institutions as strongly influenced by culture . References

Thelen , E . and S . B . Smith (1994 . A Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action . Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press

PAGE 2

MACROBUTTON NoMacro [First Authors Last Name] Page PAGE 4

MACROBUTTON NoMacro [Insert Running title of 72 characters]

PAGE 2

Development of Cognitiion

PAGE 4

[First author 's last name]...

Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay (only for $12.99)