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Paper Topic:

conceptions of curriculum

Introduction

Various axioms of thought have perceived and understood curriculum development in relation to five conceptions . This revolves around academic rationalist conception , cognitive processes conception humanistic conception , social Reconstructionist conception and a technological conception . Throughout the liberal and progressive approach is dependable with the humanistic curriculum conception it disguises communal realities in which there are winners and losers , by pretending that everyone can succeed if they work hard enough . In response they advocate the collectively critical point of reference and this is at the same time the orientation that fits

most closely with the intentions of environmental education and the most complicated to embark on in schools

Since the programme of study and the role of schools is noticeable with tensions and contradictions . Often many of these possessions are phenomenon with the same time and the overall brunt is complex to institute from up seal . According to print (1993 ) the curriculum has been understood based on five schools of thoughts otherwise known as inceptions . This includes the academic rationalist conception , cognitive processes conception , humanistic conceptions , social Reconstructionist conception and technological conception . In view to the military , the prospectus examines the armed forces as a social institution . With the help of sociological concepts , theories , and methods , the curriculum should delve deep into the analysis of the internal association and practices of the armed forces and the relationships between the armed forces and other social institutions . The curriculum should be designed to enhance forum for analysis of a specific set of ideas that contribute to our intellectual capacity of the military from a sociological perspective . The cross-listing of tranquility studies curriculum and focuses on issues of peace , war and social evenhandedness and which involves active class involvement

Theoretical Perspective

In the military the curriculum is comprehensive and cadets are educated and graded based on the performance in academics , physical fitness , and military leadership . The academic program encompasses of more than 31 fundamentals that are balanced in the arts and sciences . All cadets are required to take at least three engineering courses and three calculus courses . The physical program incorporates both physical education classes and competitive athletics . McNeil (1985 . As with the military cadets must pass a physical fitness test twice per year . The military skills , include leadership , through a military program that starts on their first day at west point . Moral-ethical development occurs throughout the formal programs as well as a host of activities and experiences available at the Military Academy . These include formal instruction in the important values of the military profession voluntary religious programs , interaction with staff and faculty role models , and a vigorous guest-speaker program . McNeil , J .D (1985

According to Bruner (1960 ) curriculum organization and design be based on the structure of the academic disciplines . McNeil (1985 , program of study of a subject should be resolute by the most deep-seated intellectual capacity that can be achieved of the essential philosophies that give configuration to a discipline . The brass tacks of this school of reflection is centered on the...

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