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Paper Topic:

compare and contrast liberal and radical approaches to social inequality. what a

RADICAL AND LIBERAL THEORIES OF INEQUALITY

2004 RADICAL AND LIBERAL THEORIES OF INEQUALITY

Social inequality (as a general philosophical and social concept including , before all economic inequalities along with the modern racial and gender issues of disparity ) has always been a characteristic feature of human society therefore it is not surprising that majority of ancient and contemporary social philosophers are involved into discussion of how the inequality came to be and what can be done to reduce it . As usually there is no single opinion on the issue . There is an attitude

that inequality is an ingrained feature of our social structure so any attempts to reduce or eliminate it are self-defeating . Still there is another opinion : inequality emerged on a certain stage of development of human society when one group of people took advantage of all other people and captured the source of welfare - material goods . It is not yet clear which one is true

The problem of social inequality has a long tradition of analysis at least since the times of Aristotle , the existence of social disparity appeared a key problem for democratic theory and practice . Nowadays several major philosophical paradigms study the nature of inequality i .e : conservative , liberal , and radical each of them has different vision of the problem (Conservative . 2004 . We will focus on liberal and radical visions of the problem and contrast their approaches to view the problem

Libertarian approach before all concentrates on freedoms and social rights of individuals as the members of common society . The approach focuses on people and , contrasting radical outlooks of the problem could be described as the individualistic ' one . Radical approach , speaking critically , is a collectivistic ' paradigm that put a focus on social classes instead of people . Liberalists , in their turn , stay on the premises that everyone is before all an individual , and that all individuals have inalienable social rights guaranteed by the society (Kidder et al , 2004 . The central value of liberalistic theory is therewith , inborn freedom of people . Liberals believe that people are able to change their social status themselves and become prosperous in this life . Radicals , on the contrary observe people as foredoomed creature who can 't leave the measures of their social class . As a result , they could become equally treated only through revolutionary changes

Capitalists , observing radical philosophy of social inequality , use all resources available to make the rest of the society equal therewith capitalists appear the primary enemies of social inequality who victimize the average people . Liberals never expressed such radical ideas instead they believe that it 's rather the role of capitalists and government to establish a welfare society

The core differences between liberal and radical approaches , comparing and contrasting ideas of Marx (Avineri , 1968 ) and Weber (1958 , lie in their vision of the fundamentals of social inequality . While Marx stayed on the material premises and some objective reasons that people can 't change , Weber believed in people 's rationality and knowledge that help them to achieve social equality themselves . Weber...

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