What does community policing mean to you?
Community policing is the most widely used term for a loosely defined set of police philosophies , strategies , and tactics known either as problem-oriented policing , neighborhood-oriented policing , or community- oriented policing . It stems from a view of the police as a multifunctional social service agency working to reduce the despair of poverty . Furthermore , it is rooted in the belief that the traditional officer on the beat will bring the police and the public closer together . At the same time , it maintains the professional model 's support for education and research . In addition to
this , it is called foot patrol which continues to be the subject of much research , from varying perspectives . A number of studies focus on how citizens view foot patrol while others examine how business people and researchers perceive such programs (Hinsdale , IL : Dryden , 1976
Moreover , it is a collaborative effort between a police department and community that identifies problems of crime and dis and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems . It is founded on close , mutually beneficial ties between police and community members . At the center of community policing are three essential and complementary core component . First is the partnership between the police and the community . This new relationship should be based on mutual trust and respect . Thus , the police can serve as a catalyst challenging people to accept their share of responsibility for the overall quality of life in the community . Community policing means that citizens will be asked to handle more of their minor concerns themselves , but in exchange , this will free police to work with people on developing immediate as well as long-term solutions for community concerns in ways that encourage mutual accountability and respect Second is the problem solving as a method to identify and solve problems of concern to the community . Lastly is the change management within the police organization to accommodate increased community involvement . It is a political philosophy for doing police work . Problem solving is the tactic or strategy used to solve community problems of crime and decay and partnerships are the tool or means with which the problem solving takes place
To sum it up , enforcement agencies can make a positive progress toward the implementation of community policing . In the area of training community policing concepts can be integrated into the basic academy recruit curriculum . These enforcement agencies can create large numbers of partnerships with federal , state , and county agencies , and with citizens ' organizations as well . The police administrators should acknowledge that crime is a natural condition of society , not a problem to be solved , so that they or their personnel , their political leaders or the public will be deluded into unrealistic expectations by new programs . They must recognize that changes in their operations and their organizations are inevitable , but that few--if any--of these changes will be completely unprecedented journeys into uncharted territory Administrators should learn the lessons of history--from the conditions that led Sir Robert Peel to introduce the paramilitary structure...
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- After reading the chapters, discuss how the Us verses Them mentality among police officers creates a strain in the relationship between the police and the community. In your discussion of how the culture of policing negatively impacts this relationship,