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Paper Topic:

augustus and the creation of the roman empire

Ronald Mellor 's Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire

Ronald Mellor is Professor of Ancient History , University of California Los Angeles . He has written several books of which the most recent is Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire , published in 2005 This book is a historical work on the Augustan Principate . The book provides a detailed account of Augustus and his principate , not only through narration by the author but by also quoting numerous and other experts . The main asset of this book is the large amount of

primary sources included in the second part

Octavian who headed the Roman Republic developed a system which left most of the real power to Octavian under the cover of `restoration of the republic . He was the princeps or "first citizen " of the Republic and the governing system was known as the principate . Octavian came to be called Augustus and he enlisted the support of the upper classes . The Senate which elected magistrates , made laws and exercised important judicial functions was under the control of Augustus and hence had no real freedom . Augustus was a good administrator and he successfully established rational government in the Italian provinces for the first time . The Augustan settlement indirectly established a monarchy with Augustus at the lead . Understanding that he needed more support Augustus built a coalition of supporters close to him . The Senate offered its counsel to Augustus . Under Augustus , the army became truly professional men enlisted for twenty years and played an important role in bringing Roman culture to the provinces . Roman culture was at its height during this time . The success of this system introduced by Augustus can be evaluated in its survival even through the reigns of incompetent emperors

The book by Ron Mellor discusses the development of Latin Literature under the patronage of Augustus who promoted the works of Livy , Horace and Virgil . Virgil 's epic poem , the Aeneid , portrayed Augustus as the second founder of Rome . Tacitus wrote a masterful history which bs on satire and Suetonius produced racy biographies of the emperors . Some excerpts from these are included under primary resources in this book . The book also included details of Roman architecture which retained the basic construction techniques of the Greeks , but developed a semi-circular arch and concrete with which they were able to build structures of great size : the Colosseum , the baths and the Pantheon . The first two centuries of the Roman Empire were indeed a "golden age " The collection of primary sources included in this book offers multiple viewpoints of the rise , achievements , and legacy of Augustus and his empire

Ronald Mellor has a fluent style of writing and is easy to read . The book is divided into two parts . The first part provides an introduction to the Roman Empire and how it was created and influenced by Augustus In this section , the author traces the collapse of the Roman Republic the rise of Octavian , the rise of Augustus as Princeps , the...

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