Women`s Economic Roles
Women 's Economic Roles Page 1 The Future of the Battle for Pay Equity Pay equity or comparable worth is a movement that set out to abolish the gender wage gap (Margaret Hallock , 2000 , 2 . 1963 saw the passage of the Equal Pay Act that guaranteed equal pay for equal work , years later the wage gap between sexes still exists as evidenced by the latest Government Accountability Office report . Margaret Hallock said that the gender wage gap has been one of the more durable features of the wage structure in North America
The Future of the Battle for Pay Equity
Pay equity or comparable worth is a movement that set out to abolish the gender wage gap (Margaret Hallock , 2000 , 2 . 1963 saw the passage of the Equal Pay Act that guaranteed equal pay for equal work , years later the wage gap between sexes still exists as evidenced by the latest Government Accountability Office report . Margaret Hallock said that the gender wage gap has been one of the more durable features of the wage structure in North America
(4 . Simply put , despite the decade old fight for pay equity , the reality of gender wage gap is still very real
Just what is pay equity and what are its chances of success in the present time ? Pay equity begun as a fight to go beyond the reality of unequal pay for the same jobs and unequal access to jobs , above all it sought to bring dignity and respect for what women do in the world of work . Predominantly , pay equity involves breaking down jobs into the skills that are required of the job holder like education , special abilities or experience and how difficult or complex that job is (does it require hard physical labor , manual dexterity , responsibility for important decisions or for supervising the work of others and so on then compare how these skills and requirements are valued in dollar amounts in different jobs . This in turn would clearly identify the discrepancy in the pay of women to that of men , wherein women are said to always earn less than men do . Most of the campaigns for pay equity resulted in pay increases for women , but the upgrades often fell short of the original expectations (Margaret Hallock , 2000 , 2 . This goes to show that not belittling the achievements of the pay equity movement , at present to close the gender wage gap would take more than this Women 's Economic Roles Page 2
But not all was lost , because of the pay equity movement , greater consciousness of women 's conditions in the workplace came upfront , it empowered a generation of new leaders and brought gender issues in the realm of consciousness of the public and sprung a widespread debate on the nature of the gender wage gap . What the movement accomplished was setting the stage for the next step in the fight for the gender wage gap
Historically , women have been undervalued and underpaid in the workplace due to discrimination . A by Richard Anker discussed the theories behind the discrimination of women in the workplace . The neo-classical /human capital theories stress the lower levels of female human capital both in terms of what women bring to the labor market (e .g . less education ) and what they acquire after joining it (less experience than men because of taking time out for marriage and rearing children . According to these theories , women rightfully receive lower pay than men because of their lower productivity . Furthermore , this theory also posits that...
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