Walter B. Miller`s theory on lower-class
Walter B . Miller 's Theory on Lower Class Custom Research by Essay Walter B . Miller 's Theory on Lower Class Abstract In this , the researcher will identify which focal concern , as described by Walter B . Miller`s theory on lower-class culture , is believed by the researcher to most contribute to delinquency . The answer will be supported by examples . To conclude , the researcher will respond to another answer that disagrees with the researcher 's opinion explaining why the original opinion should be supported and why the opposing opinion should be refuted Focal
Custom Research by Essay Walter B . Miller 's Theory on Lower Class
In this , the researcher will identify which focal concern , as described by Walter B . Miller`s theory on lower-class culture , is believed by the researcher to most contribute to delinquency . The answer will be supported by examples . To conclude , the researcher will respond to another answer that disagrees with the researcher 's opinion explaining why the original opinion should be supported and why the opposing opinion should be refuted
Concerns of Miller 's Theory
Walter B .Miller 's Theory on Lower Class Culture , in an attempt to explain the problem of criminal activity and more specifically deliquency , holds in one specific area of the theory that many criminals are created by environment , having grown up in a lower socioeconomic class which at best allows and at worst promotes criminal activity (Wolfgang , et al , 1962 . For the purposes of this , the researcher agrees that this aspect of lower-class culture contributes most to delinquency
Miller 's theory is in alignment with the classic nurture versus nature ' argument to explain the development of the deliquent individual , meaning that criminal minds are formed by the forces of their environment , rather than simply being chemically programmed as a function of the anatomy of the human brain . Much like lower animal life forms are trained to behave in a certain way , the criminal originally becomes a criminal because he or she is in effect trained ' to behave in that way . The reasons for this sort of criminal culture , as cited by Miller include economic disadvantage among certain ethnic groups and the like , but there are also solid examples to support his assertions and to reinforce the researcher 's position
Evidence to Support the Position
From a technical standpoint , studies and statistics clearly show that by and large , the majority of deliquency , and subsequent criminal activity , is originated in the lower classes of society , as opposed to the middle or upper classes , as defined by income , employment levels etc (Cohn , et al , 1998 . Interestingly , adding to the strength of the argument made in this , the crimes committed by lower classes are more frequent and violent in nature , giving further proof that these individuals are literally raised to become criminals , as criminality is a part of their everyday culture and lifestyle , especially during their formative years when morals and values are established in the individual (Wolfgang , et al , 1962
Simply put , the argument of Miller , that criminals are created particularly in lower-class environments because of the tolerance and even support of criminal activities in their communities is agreed to by the researcher and backed up by secondary sources . However , there are those who hold a contrasting view , which will now be discussed
Disagreement With the Researcher 's Position
In opposition to the researcher 's argument is the assertion that criminals become what they are because of biological factors , supporting the nature ' element of nature versus nurture . While this admittedly may occur in extreme cases , the studies on the largely refute this claim , and in fact , sources indicate that those in middle or upper class environments are less likely to indulge in criminality (Shostak , et al 1964 . This evidence , as is apparent , has existed for decades
In closing , let it be understood that evidence exists to support the argument that criminal activity is created due to lower class environments that advocate such behavior in an overwhelming majority of the cases References
Cohn , E . G , Farrington , D .
Wright , R . A (1998 . Evaluating Criminology and Criminal Justice . Westport , CT : Greenwood Press
Shostak , A . B Gomberg , W (Eds (1964 . Blue-Collar World : Studies of the American Worker . Englewood Cliffs , NJ : Prentice-Hall
Wolfgang , M . E , Savitz , L Johnston , N (Eds (1962 . The Sociology of Crime and Delinquency . New York : John Wiley and Sons
The word count for this essay is 578 words , excluding References and this section of the
Essay PAGE 5 ...
More Papers on theory, class, lower, Walter, Shostak
- Aristotle's critique of Plato's theory of limited communism
- Strain and Subcultural theories
- School does not prepare you for real life.
- Pygmalion vs Pretty Women Term Paper 040408
- Social Stratification (Module 4 Case)
- Criminology Research Essay
- The Free-rider problem in society: A philosophical issue based on Rawl's Theory of Justice
- Law and Society
- If you were trying to assess someones social class position and could ask only one question, what would it be? Explain the reasons for you choice.
- Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality Assessment