`Virtue Theory and Abortion` by Rosalind Hursthouse.
Rosalind Hursthouse , in her essay Virtue Theory and Abortion ' puts forth her theory of virtue by first introducing the mechanics of the theory and then applying it to the particular moral controversy of abortion . The introduction to the theory involves an explanation of and then contrast with deontological and utilitarian theories . She demonstrates the premise of deontological theory as declaring an action right only when it goes in accordance with a moral rule . She then demonstrates the plethora of explanations of moral rule ' that have been given throughout the centuries . These range
from definitions that show morality to issue from God , to ones that show morality to come from democracy and rationality . She contrasts this later with virtue theory as it considers virtue from a much different perspective than is seen in deontology 's morality
She then presents a view of utilitarianism and outlines its premises She chooses act-utilitarianism and shows that according to this theory an action might be considered correct only when it produces the greatest amount of good for the people involved . This can be realized only when happiness in maximized as a result of the action that has occurred . She then comes to the premises of virtue theory , and explains the first as showing an action to be right only when it is identical to what a virtuous person would do in the circumstances (Hursthouse , 249 However , she explains that this gives no guidance about how one should act unless one can determine the interpretation or of a virtuous person ' It is necessary , she holds , to thoroughly explain this so that one avoids the usual pitfall of defining the virtuous person as one who acts in accordance with the definitions of morality proposed by deontologists . On the contrary , a virtue (according to virtue theory ) is a trait that is necessary in to promote the wellbeing of the human . Literally , Hursthouse writes , a virtue is a character trait a human being needs to flourish or live well (249 She then goes on to identify a connection between virtue and the idea of eudaimonia (flourishing
Hursthouse then identifies some criticisms of virtue theory which she considers to be ill-founded and that have the effect of obscuring the true ideas of the theory . The first is that the concept of eudaimonia is too obscure for the theory to be a fully conceived one . Hursthouse admits the difficulty of the idea to grasp , but then she points out the greater obscurity of terms used in other theories (such as rationality and happiness . She then demonstrates that in comparison with those other terms , eudaimonia (flourishing , well being ) supports its theory as much as any other . The idea that virtue theory is more obscure than others in this respect , Hursthouse denies , offering a discussion of how these other theories have garnered disputation precisely because these concepts have been so difficult to grasp , explain , and agree on
Hursthouse also defends virtue theory against the criticism that it is intentionally and trivially...
More Reports on theory, virtue, abortion, hursthouse, Ethical Theory
- Defend/criticize virtue theory
- What are the main claims and elements of the following approaches to moral issues: (1) Social Contract Theory; (2) Rights Theory; (3) Care Ethics and (4) Virtue Ethics? (B) What criticisms and problems have been posed to each of these views have, if any?
- Ethical Theory/Philosophy
- Unit 1 IP - Ethical Theory, Business Practice, and the Corporation
- According to Aristotle, `happiness is a deliberately chosen active condition of the soul in accordance with virtue.` Argue for the case that some essential aspect of Aristotles ethical theory is wrong.
- Business Ethics
- Ethics Case Study
- A theology or philosophy of education
- is abortion legal for people who's under 16?
Related searches on Ethical Theory, Virtue Theory, Rosalind Hursthouse
- Rosalind Hursthouse essays
- sample papers on Margaret Reed Holmgren
- courseworks on Margaret Reed Holmgren
- Margaret Reed Holmgren analysis
- merits of Ethical Theory
- disadvantages of virtue
- advantages and disadvantages of Rosalind Hursthouse
- Margaret Reed Holmgren summary
- cause and effect of Ethical Theory
- Rosalind Hursthouse fallacies
- Margaret Reed Holmgren test
- advantages of Rosalind Hursthouse
- Ethical Theory introduction