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Paper Topic:

Tuckmans forming ,storming ,norming ,performing and adjourning model

Tuckman 's model and team work


People live and work within the framework of some kind of organization a context that provides written and unwritten , formal and informal rules and guidelines about how its members should conduct themselves Individuals belong to different families and each family has distinct religious beliefs that differ from another family . This is anchored on the theoretical viewpoint of Bruce Tuckman referring to how groups are formed whether these groups can be seen in formal or informal organizations and set-ups of all kinds . This is especially

applied on the teamwork and /or teambuilding


A . of the model

Tuckman introduced his theory of how groups emerge and better known by the concepts that he ascribed to the stages . His theory arose out of years of scientific observations and research in various types of groups (Tuckman ,


The forming stage is described as consisting of orientation , testing and dependence that are usually present in almost all of the groups studied . The second phase or stage is more seen by the type of characteristic behaviors or attitudes manifested by the people or individuals of a particular group where concepts such as conflict and polarization arise which in the process characterize more the resistance that is being experience by the group 's immediate scope of influence This second stage is called the storming stage (Tuckman ,


The third phase is known as norming when eventually most of the conflicts and /or resistance has been resolved giving way to an in-group feeling ' or group cohesiveness . More often at this stage individual members are more open , expressing themselves more and have shed their guardedness (Tuckman ,


The fourth phase is called the performing stage which is more known by the characteristic traits manifested by individual members where they become more yielding to the roles and they become more cooperative to the functions whatever they may be . In addition they also are able to let their energies be directed to the tasks that are supposed to be responded to in the first place (Tuckman ,


The last stage is an addendum or an additional stage to the four stages mentioned , which is adjourning and is described as the implied achievement or attainment of goals (usually ) where dependency is at a minimum , where the tasks were already completed and the roles are no longer necessary and functional hence the group most likely must be dissolved (Tuckman ,


B . Application to Teamwork and Teambuilding

Understandably , before teamwork is effectively put in place and in operation , the first three stages or phases should have taken place People adjust to new things and new situations and as Tuckman describes it , it is inherent in the process that progression from non-cohesiveness to more cohesiveness which also implies that people cooperate less and then if the norming is achieved , will exhibit cooperativeness among themselves . This is also the process of teambuilding

Sadly , many organizations have not manifested teamwork or have...

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