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Paper Topic:

Thrombophelbitis

THROMBOPHLEBITIS IN PREGNANT WOMEN

THROMBOPHLEBITIS IN PREGNANT WOMEN (NAME (COLLEGE (PROFESSOR 'S NAME (CLASS NAME

Thrombophlebitis in Pregnant women

Thrombophlebitis is possibly one of the most common inflammations that occur in pregnant women . It is basically characterized by the inflammation or swelling of one or more veins due to a blood clot (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008 . It can affect the vein near the surface of the skin , which is called superficial thrombophlebitis or the vein that is located deep within a muscle , which

is called , deep vein thrombosis (DVT (Mayo Clinic , 2008

Thrombophlebitis usually affects the leg . The affected leg becomes red and swollen and is difficult to move as it is very painful (Mayo Clinic 2008 . Usually , when the affected vein is superficial , the clot resolves by itself and the vein returns to normal . However , there are certain instances that the clot becomes dislodged or breaks away from the vein which is a condition called embolism and travels to the lungs (Mayo Clinic . When the clot reaches the lungs , it can block the pulmonary artery and result in a condition called pulmonary embolism (Mayo Clinic 2008 . Basically , pregnancy places women at a greater risk at increases the pressure in the pelvis and legs (Mayo Clinic , 2008

Hallmark Signs and Symptoms

Generally , the symptoms of thrombophlebitis include tenderness and warmth on the vein , pain in the affected part of the body , and inflammation or swelling in affected body part (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008 However , other symptoms that are not always present include reddening of the skin surrounding the affected vein (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008

Top Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

Initially , the physician usually diagnoses thrombophlebitis based on how the affected body part looks . However , if he or she cannot immediately make a concrete diagnosis , he or she then performs certain diagnostic tests which include Doppler Ultrasound , Venography , and Blood Coagulation studies . The Doppler Ultrasound is a test to assess and examine the flow of blood in major arteries of both the arms and the legs (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008 . Usually , the physician also constantly checks the patient 's temperature , pulse , skin condition , circulation , and blood pressure to avoid possible complications (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008

On the other hand , venography is a test done to examine the blood flow of the veins in the leg using a venogram (United States National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health Journal , 2008 . Lastly blood coagulation studies are done in to assess the status of the clotting factors that cause the blood to clot (Craig , 2007

Causes , Origin , and Risk Factors

Thrombophlebitis starts with the formation of a blood clot , which can result from several conditions or cases - most commonly from the disruption of the blood flow...

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