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Paper Topic:

Teleology and Deontology

Running head : Teleology and deontology

Teleology and Deontology

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Teleology and Deontology

Teleology

Teleology is a branch of philosophy that looks into the ends or purposes of things (Hooker , 1999 . Teleology is often applied in adopting a certain view of the world and in explaining and understanding different events or occurrences (Hooker , 1999

Some groups and ancient philosophers are known for subscribing to the teleological worldview . Examples of them are Christians and Aristotle (Hooker , 1999 . Christians believe that everything in the world progresses to

one end , which is the end of time . All the historical experiences of mankind only serve to fulfill the meaning of such experiences (Hooker , 1999

On the other hand , Aristotle believes that there are four various reasons behind things , and purpose or end , is the most important of the four (Hooker , 1999

Immanuel Kant , a famous philosopher , is known for having treated teleology as a part of his treatment of the faculty of reason or judgment (Ginsborg , 2005 . According to Kant judgment can be characterized as that of reflection , which helps a person make aesthetic and teleological judgments (Ginsborg , 2005 . The latter , true to teleology , pertains to judgments that have a purposive or functional nature or those that attribute certain purposes to natural things (Ginsborg , 2005

Kant 's theory on teleology , which he expounded in his Critique of Teleological Judgment ' refers to the idea that there are purposes in nature (Ginsborg , 2005 . Thus , Kant 's theory is natural teleology and not an ethical one , although some connections could be made regarding his ethical theory (Ginsborg , 2005

Central to Kant 's theory of teleology is the notion of purposiveness ' which denotes an end and causality (Ginsborg , 2005 According to Kant , every concept has an end . Purposiveness , which is the causal relation between the concept and its object , can broadly apply to different organisms and artifacts (Ginsborg , 2005

Teleology as a general branch of study holds on to the belief that the world consists of a final design , with ends and final causes (Dubray Thus , an accurate account of the world or the universe should at least have reference to final causes . Teleology does not posit that finality is of conscious or intelligent nature (Dubray . Teleology does not concern itself to efficient causes in between every human event . It is sufficient that it is observed that all human activity or natural events occur for a reason or a purpose (Dubray . It is therefore apparent that teleology strongly relates to determinism of nature . Thus , St . Thomas in Summa Theologica I :44 :4 , used this concept of determinism to establish his idea of teleology (Dubray . He stated , Every active cause acts for an end , otherwise from its activity one effect would not result rather than another , except by chance (Dubray

While teleology applies to many fields of study , it has been used by some philosophers in the field of ethics , by positing that moral behavior should be judged in accordance with the results of a person...

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