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Paper Topic:

TV Violence Is Harming Our Children

(Student 's Name

(Couse or Subject

(Date of Presentation

Persuasive Speech

: TV violence can affect children negatively if adults are not careful

General Purpose : To persuade

Specific Purpose : After hearing my speech , I want my audience to agree that they have to be more critical of the shows they let children watch

Thesis : Violence depicted on television can have strong life-long negative effects on children if adults do not do their part in censorship and child guidance

Introduction /Attention

Attention-getting device : What 's the most violent thing

you 've ever seen on television ? A murder ? An assassination ? A deadly explosion ? A war report on the nightly news ? Whatever it is , the chances are , that image is etched in your memory

Relevance to the audience : Now , we 're balanced young people . We know those images won 't do us any harm . Or can 't they

Credibility : According to a Senate Committee Report entitled , Children Violence and the Media , by age 18 , an American child will have seen 16 ,000 simulated murders and 200 ,000 acts of violence ' It is quite impossible for these images not to create an impression on the minds of the children who watch them

Thesis : Violence depicted on television can have strong life-long negative effects on children if adults do not do their part in censorship and child guidance

Preview : I am here in front right now because I want to show you that violence is wide-spread on television and that these have negative effects on children as they grow up if adults do not take responsibility

Body

ASSERTION ONE : Violence is all over even in cartoons . Yes , even from shows that we consider wholesome

Support One : A friend once told me hat her four year old daughter tore a book from the preschool library . When the young girl was asked why she did it , she said she was merely imitating Stitch from the Disney movie Lilo and Stitch

Support Two : Also according to the Senate Report I mentioned earlier more than 1 ,000 studies about the relation between television and film violence have been done . Majority reached the same conclusion that television and film violence often leads to real violent acts

Transition : This is why one of the major revelations of the report was also that television alone is responsible for ten percent of youth violence

ASSERTION TWO : Television violence can have negative effects on children

Support One : Media violence can encourage children to learn aggressive behavior and attitudes . Lionel Tate , was only twelve years old when he tried to imitate the wrestling moves he learned on TV . It would have been okay if these moves were just done during imaginative play However , he implemented these on six year old Tiffany Eunick who suffered a fractured skull , lacerated liver , broken rib , internal hemorrhaging and cuts and bruises that led to her early death . Lots of opinions have been thrown regarding Lionel 's innocence or guilt but one thing is for sure : he did not have a good understanding of what can be done in reality as opposed to fantasy

Support Two : According to a 15 year study made by L . Rowell Huesmann and his colleagues , the sorry thing about TV violence is that children tend to identify themselves with the heroes in the shows and that most protagonists are rewarded for their violent acts . The example they gave was of Dirty Harry who does things violently but is glorified for his deeds . This creates an impression in the children 's minds that aggressive behavior is a good solution to get one wants without suffering consequences for it

Support Three : According to the University of Michigan Health System 's website , kids under eight years old may not be able to differentiate between reality and fantasy thus making them susceptible to thinking that the fantasy violence they see can actually be real

Support Four : This supports the belief that television violence can also promote fearful or pessimistic attitudes in children who tend to become easily scared because they can mistake the idea that the imaginary characters they see on TV can come into their real lives

Transition : If there is no one to guide a young child who is watching something violent on TV , the kid can easily mistake it as something that is part of reality

ASSERTION THREE : Therefore , adult presence in the light of TV violence is necessary for children

Support One : Many parents trust that G-rated shows and films are safe for their children . However , in a study made by Yokota F . Thompson , all - as in all American animated feature films made from 1937 to 1999 have violent acts and the bad deeds that portray intentional infliction of pain was becoming higher . It is still highly recommended that parents view the films together with their children to help the kids understand the right and wrong of what they are watching

Support Two : According to the University of Michigan Health System website again , children between the ages of 8 to 12 years old who watch violence on TV become paranoid of being a victim of the disaster they have seen . Children below the age of eight often get poor sleep because of the impressions they get from the TV violence they absorb . Without parents and caregivers to comfort these children from the effects of what they had been watching , the fears that have been instilled can become life long

Transition : Adults must become more aware of their roles to prevent the negative effects of TV violence on children

Conclusion /Call to Action

Review /Reinforce Main Idea : Violence on television is easy to ignore because it is mostly done in comical or heroic fashion that promotes the success of the hero in the story . However , children who have little capability to understand the difference between fantasy and reality can either imitate the aggressive behavior , have twisted views on what are morally right or wrong and may develop unnecessary fears that can mpair them for life . Adults must play an active role in censoring and explaining these things to help children process what they see correctly

Provide Sense of Closure : We do not need to wait for ourselves to become parents to help protect children against the effects of TV violence . We have younger siblings , nieces , nephews and young friends who can benefit from what I have talked about today

Strong Clear Ending : Be the true hero in someone young 's life . Help children and parents understand the real score about the violence on TV (Student 's Name

(Couse or Subject

(Date of Presentation

Persuasive Speech

: TV violence can affect children negatively if adults are not careful

Introduction /Attention

Attention-getting device : most violent thing ever seen television

Relevance to the audience : balance people , images can 't harm

Credibility : Senate Report by age 18 , 16 ,000 murders , 200 ,000 acts of violence

Thesis : Violence has negative effects on children adults must do their parts

Preview (1 ) violence is wide-spread (2 ) negative effects on children (3 ) adults

Body

ASSERTION ONE : Violence is all over

Support One : young girl and Stitch

Support Two : television and film violence often leads to real violent acts

ASSERTION TWO : negative effects on children

Support One : Lionel Tate and Tiffany Eunick

Support Two : L . Rowell Huesmann and his colleagues Dirty Harry

Support Three : kids under eight on reality and fantasy

Support Four : fearful or pessimistic attitudes in children

ASSERTION THREE : adult presence is necessary

Support One : films from 1937 to 1999 have violent acts

Support Two : 8 to 12 years old become paranoid below eight get poor sleep

Conclusion /Call to Action

Review /Reinforce : Violence between fantasy and reality adults active role

Provide Sense of Closure : younger siblings , nieces , nephews and young friends

Strong Clear Ending : true help children and parents References

American Academy of Pediatrics (2001 . Media Violence , Pediatrics Pediatrics . 108 (5 , 1222-

1226

Huesmann LR , Moise-Titus J , Podolski CL and Eron LD (2003 Longitudinal relations between

children 's exposure to TV violence and their aggressive and violent behavior in young

adulthood : 1977-1992 . Developmental Psychology . 39 (2 , 201-21

NBC 6 News Team (2003 . Appeals Court s New Trial for Lionel Tate Retrieved April

17 , 2008 , from http /www .nbc6 .net /news /2695873 /detail .html

Senate Committee on the Judiciary (1999 September 14 . Children violence , and the media : a

report for parents and policy makers . Retrieved April 16 , 2008 , from http /judiciary

senate .gov /oldsite /mediavio .htm

What do I need to know about children and TV (2008 . University of Michigan Health

System . Retrieved 17 April 2008 , from HYPERLINK "http /www .med .umich .edu /1libr /yourchild

tv .htm " http /www .med .umich .edu /1libr /yourchild

tv .htm

Yokota F , Thompson KM (2000 . Violence in G-rated animated films JAMA . 283 (20 , 2716-

20...

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