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Telenursing : The Virtual Nursing Practice

Advances in information and telecommunication technologies are revolutionizing health and education services throughout the world including the provision of nursing services . By lessening distance and time , these technological advances significantly improve access to health and healthcare , most particularly among underserved populations and those living in rural and remote areas . These advances help research and education activities , assure more efficient utilization of health and human resources and facilitate managing demand for services . Health for All is a global health movement undertaken by the World Health Organization

(WHO ) in the late 20th century which seeks to ensure that basic health care is made accessible to all people and that resources for health are evenly distributed . It seeks to ensure that health begins at home , in schools , and at the workplace . It also encourages people to utilize more efficient ways to prevent and alleviate diseases and disabilities . In the report of Tejada de Rivero , the final Declaration of Alma-Ata in the International Conference on Primary Health Care

Primary health care is based on practical , scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible through people 's full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford . It is the central function of the health system and its first level of contact , bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work . It is the telenursing that answers the goal and vision of WHO in primary health care (25

Telenursing is a novel approach to nursing care provision through the use of information and telecommunications technology in circumstances where there are significant physical distance between the nurse and the patient

As a field of nursing , telenursing is a part of telehealth that is gaining significant growth rate in numerous nations due to several factors . These include the rise in coverage of healthcare in far-flung or less-populated areas , an increase in the number of aging and chronically ill population , and the widespread endeavor to bring down health care costs . Employment in home health care in the U .S . is anticipated to go up by 36 percent or more over the next seven years with around 46 percent of the traditional (on-site ) nursing visits could probably be replaced by telenursing (Wooten et al . 83 . Replacing half or more of the US on-site home visits with telehomecare nurse visits agency costs may be brought down by fifty percent (Britton et al . 12 Research conducted in Europe indicates that a large number of patients could benefit from in-home telecommunication services (Valero et al S91 . Actually , telenursing is not an entirely new health care system , a significant number of nurses have provided nursing advice and health information over the telephone for several decades . However , at present it is now a rapidly-growing service . Teledelivery of health promotion and disease prevention services - including nursing education , treatment and diagnosis - are rapidly developing

Telehealth and Telenursing

Telemedicine is a health care delivery system that uses telecommunications (such as Internet connections...

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