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Paper Topic:

“What Makes a Society Just?”

THE ROLE OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE TO FIGHT SOCIAL INJUSTICE

All contents of the law are not always favorable to everyone . In one way or another , at least one law is disagreeable to one person

Civil disobedience was first conceptualized by Henry David Thoreau , a philosopher , development critic , tax resister , transcendentalist naturalist and an American author . He was once arrested for not paying poll tax . It was his choice not to conform to the law by paying poll tax because he was not in favor of where the money will go . Thoreau believed

that the money tax he will pay for will be for the funding of the Mexican War , which he was not in favor of at all (DuBrin , 2008

Civil disobedience refers to an active refusal to adapt the commands and demands of a government or a power currently occupying the land or to put it shortly , refusal to abide by the law . It is simply not conforming to whatever the government is feeding its people . One main identifying factor of civil disobedience , though , is that resistance , in this context , is not violent . Scholars call civil disobedience a different shape of respectful disagreement

Civil obedience is being practiced widely in different parts of the world . The Indians , for example , practiced civil disobedience for their struggle for freedom . According to Dr . Jyotsna Kamat , a respected teacher , researcher and broadcaster in India , today , civil disobedience in India was as simple as non-cooperation . An All-White Commission as a political platform in India was detested by Indians . Civil disobedience was done by boycotting the laws of all the political and social platforms in India . First , they were repressive . Second , these were in favor of the British Parliament only . Even the members of Simon Commission in India had members from the British Parliament alone Mahatma Gandhi , a political and spiritual leader in India , led civil disobedience in India and made it a point to avoid violence at all costs . India 's purpose was to paralyze the Indian government . All supports were withdrawn , and India became highly revolutionary . Gandhi among many other leaders in India like Amar Patel , led civil disobedience in India because the laws of the government were considered repressive (Kamat , 2005

In South Africa , civil disobedience was also strongly practiced . By simply looking back at South Africa 's history , it is indeed safe to say that civil disobedience is justifiable . Apartheid in South Africa is a fact , and is also a part of world history . Apartheid is the main reason why civil disobedience , also considered passive resistance in South Africa , was practiced

Apartheid in South Africa was brought about by the settlement of the whites in the country . The term separate development ' was then used to categorize South Africans into three racial categories . These three categories included the Bantu , White and Colored . Bantu were the black Africans , White were the Americans and Colored were the people with mixed race . The laws under the apartheid system were harsh - black Africans were not allowed...

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