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Paper Topic:


Sociological Aspect of Violence


The term institutional violence comprises of two interacting components before it can actually occur , particularly the social institutions and the agents . Within the perspectives of these social agents , the individuals ' actions within the scope of an institution are supposed to be mandated by the roles and their responsible behavior within the given society . On the other hand , the institutional agent maintains and monitors the system and among these agent activities . Therefore in the case of institutional violence , Ladicola and Shupe (2003 ) has defined this as

any form of violence that occurs within the premises of a given institution , such as workplace and most commonly school campuses (p .29 . Educational violence , which is a classification of institutional violence , characterizes the act of violence being performed by the agents from school institutions . From 1970s , the start of the modern liberalization has caused the major problem in this form of violence and these are fraternities or sororities of students who perform institutional violence called gangs . In the context of the study , the main aim is to discuss the violent activities among these groups , and the factors that contribute for the arousal of such societal behaviors .Review of Literature

Gang violent activities , which involve attempted and actual homicides assaults , shootings , and robberies , are the most common forms in the Untied States . This type of activities most commonly occur within the perimeters of city streets and the involved students are most commonly school age youths . As supported by Alters and Schiff (2005 , gang violence is often rendered to issues of territorial disputes or bypasses although , sometimes , the reason may vary to personal conflict or even at all (p .81 . Gang violence has increased dramatically from 1986 , and the current generation . Despite high innovative resolutions to detect presence of any violence contributing factors such as drugs , firearms , alcohol , etc , the rise of violence still keeps of increasing annually (Moser and Mcllwaine , 2002

.46 . In 2001 alone the activities of homicide was the second leading cause of death for persons between 15 and 24 years of age and has also become the number one cause of death for African American men and women in this age group (Alters and Schiff , 2005

.82 . The presence of street gangs within the institutions initiates a belief system and degree of organization that increases societal pressure to institutional dynamics . These gangs are able to influence the trends and management of the institution by violent means (e .g . harassment , bullying , terrorization of inmates etc ) or by means of bribery (e .g . sex , drugs and traffic in contraband etc

According to DiCanio (2004 , institutional gangs look for opportunities to corrupt institutional employees (p .104 . Gang violence routinely initiates criminal deeds , such as black market , gangs exist prior to and independent of the illegal activities in which they are engaged . Despite of these gang activities within an institution , the contributing factors that initiate violence also possess a form of institutional framework among their gang...

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