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Paper Topic:

SARA Police Method

Running head : POLICE USE OF S .A .R .A

Police Use of S .A .R .A . to Combat Community Crime

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Police Use of S .A .R .A . to Combat Community Crime

One of the biggest challenges to the creation and maintenance of efficient and safe communities is the persistence of crime . Though abolishment of crime in its entirety is an unrealistic goal , police forces and criminologists are constantly working to better control the causes , and thus , minimize the effects of criminal acts . Prior to the late

1970 's , police action consisted mainly of a system of patrolling crime response , and follow-up , but researchers found this implementation of police forces was too limited to prove effective . Realization of these limitations prompted the institution of a new approach to community law enforcement , termed problem-oriented policing (POP . POP empowers each officer to evaluate the source of crimes within his patrol area and to work to subdue the problem at its source

One of the most commonly used methods for such problem solving is the S .A .R .A . model . This acronym refers to the four sequential stages of Scanning , Analysis , Response , and Assessment with regards to any criminal problem . This is a useful check on the natural tendency to jump straight to a final response , while skimping on definition of the problem and analysis and forgetting to assess their impact on the problem (Clarke . The first step in this method , scanning , involves identification of the root cause of a problem . A problem is defined as a group of two or more incidents , similar in aspect , causing danger or harm . This stage involves identifying problems and their consequences prioritizing such problems , and developing broad goals with regards to these confirmed troubles

The next step in the S .A .R .A . model is the analysis phase this portion is the heart of problem solving . In to fully understand the effects of any particular crime on a community , a complete and thorough analysis must be performed . This provides further details to the objectives described in the scanning phase . A critical point to note during this phase of problem solving is the need to be objective Analysis of crimes cannot be tainted with one person 's feelings or beliefs , as this can skew further progress of the method . Research and data collection are critical here , as each problem faces its own set of unique challenges . Although some amount of insight can be gained from other successes in relation to similar problems , each analysis must be tailored to the unique requirements of the problem and the community

After performing a thorough analysis of an incident , a response needs to be developed . Work done during the analysis phase will dictate what type of response is warranted . The response phase allows law enforcement to work closely with the victims of crime and the community . Through Community-Oriented Policing (COP ) and POP , officers can work to reduce crime and give leverage to the people , who are usually...

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