Romantic view of nature
The growing industrialization and urbanization , which took place in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries , evoked a peculiar response from the artists and poets . This response got the name of such cultural trend as Romanticism . The fear of being transformed by machines caused the impulse to return to the roots of humanity , to the Nature . For Romantic poets and painters the meaning of the word was not exactly the same as for our contemporaries . Nowadays the word nature ' is primarily used in a narrower meaning as scenery and is usually opposed to man . The
br concept of nature , underlying the philosophy of romanticism , gave it quite a different meaning .They spiritualize the Nature giving it both functions of a living being and of divine creature . On the other hand they view the way the Nature is organized as a perfect cosmic , a pattern the humanity ought to follow . In the current I intend to focus on several significant paintings and pieces of poetry , which can serve as quintessence of the above mentioned philosophy of nature
Within the realm of poetry the most prominent representatives of Romanticism were William Wordsworth and Percy Shelly . To understand the romantic view of nature it would be helpful to analyze two of their poems , which I believe are quite illustrative . I would like to take the poem It 's a Beauteous Evening , Calm and Free by Wordsworth and Shelly 's Mont Blanc as an example to the idea of this . In his book The Concept of Nature in Nineteenth-Century English Poetry Joseph Beach writes about Wordsworth : Wordsworth took for granted the purposiveness , harmony , benevolence of nature and here he was in agreement with nearly all schools of eighteenth-century thought atheist , deist and Christian . Nature was associated in his mind with innocence and unworldliness , and he believed that men could learn much from nature in regard to a happy and normal way of life (Beach , 1936 In the given poem the author draws a serene picture of an evening near the sea , in which he addresses to his young companion girl . It is interesting how the words calm ' and free ' complement each other disclosing the idea , which is quite different from that of rival freedom some poets like Byron promoted . Being calm and humble doesn 't prevent you from being free on the contrary , it is the sign of harmony and wisdom , inherent in the Nature . The philosophy of Pantheism , which was common for Romanticism , presupposes deification of nature , which means that God is seen as dissolved in it , in every piece of it , in every cloud , in every tree and insect . Pantheistic ideals clearly manifest themselves in the poem
The holy time is quiet as a Nun
Breathless with adoration
- this is the allegory , which confirms the thought . Time is a nun who is praying to her God - the Nature . But it is important that it not only the Nature as a whole , which is divine but God lives in every single part...