`Reinventing government` by osborne abd gaebler
Osborne , David , and Ted Gaebler . Reinventing Government : How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector . New York Penguin Press , 1992 Free markets do not allow for governmental interference . Rather , the buyers and sellers of products and services assume the complete responsibility of determining the prices in these markets by way of demand and supply . Despite the emphasis of the United States government on free markets , however , free markets are only existent in theory seeing that governmental interference in the form of regulation is considered a necessity . Governmental interference may be
Free markets do not allow for governmental interference . Rather , the buyers and sellers of products and services assume the complete responsibility of determining the prices in these markets by way of demand and supply . Despite the emphasis of the United States government on free markets , however , free markets are only existent in theory seeing that governmental interference in the form of regulation is considered a necessity . Governmental interference may be
bureaucratic and hierarchical , whereas the free market was supposed to be built on the principles of freedom and equality . Even so , governmental interference is essential given that the global human society is not considered evolved enough to avoid destructive behaviors altogether . As far as markets and economies are concerned , destructive behaviors may take the form of certain individuals usurping the privileges of entire societies . David Osborn and Ted Gaebler , the authors of Reinventing Government : How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming The Public Sector (1992 , would therefore like the government not only to provide guidance and support to the producers of goods and services , but also consider giving up the production of goods and services entirely for the free market mechanism to take charge as much as it is possible for it do so under governmental guidance
According to the authors , the present dilemma faced by the government on the question of free markets versus governmental interference has its origins in hierarchical centralized bureaucracies designed in the 1930s or 1940s [which] simply do not function well in the rapidly changing , information-rich , knowledge intensive society and economy of the 1990s (p . 12 ' Hence , it is time for a paradigm shift The authors discuss this paradigm shift by expounding ten principles that must be incorporated by the government which has decided to rely on its entrepreneurial spirit to increase overall efficiencies . Each of the ten principles is explained in a separate chapter of Reinventing Government , and each describes the kind of government that is necessitated by the times (1 ) Catalytic (2 ) Community-owned (3 Competitive (4 ) Mission-driven (5 ) Results-Oriented (6 Customer-Driven (7 ) Enterprising (8 ) Anticipatory (9 ) Decentralized and (10 ) Market-Oriented
The first principle , explained in Chapter 1 : Catalytic Government : Steering Rather Than Rowing ' requires the government to simply act as a catalyst in the economy . The authors argue that each of the sectors of the economy must assume responsibility for the tasks that it is best at performing . This division of labor - where the labor constitutes the public sector , the private sector and the nonprofit sector - would allow for an efficient allocation of resources . Thus the government must not consider producing goods and services because the private sector happens to be best at doing so . The government must also desist from pricing decisions . Instead , it must focus on the design and implementation of regulation to guide the business environment in the country . After all , privatization raises revenue for the state , plus the investment...
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