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Paper Topic:

Philosophy, Ethics

On Genealogy of Morals by Friedrich Nietzsche : Between Asceticism and Science

Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the most famous and controversial philosophers ever . His strange ideas about morals influenced the teachings , and continue to attract persistent interest . He manifested his views about morale in his On the Genealogy of Morals ' - a set of essays about ethics and morale . This is to examine one specific issue of his views , namely correlation asceticism , moral and science in Nietzsche 's Third Essay

Nietzsche starts the essay by asking "What is the meaning of

ascetic ideals " He answers that it has meant many different things to many different people , suggesting that we would "rather will nothingness than not will

He is concerned with the question why have people from various cultures pursued an ascetic life of self-denial ? His answer is that asceticism enhances the feeling of power by giving a person complete control over him- or herself . In many cases , then , asceticism may serve as life affirming ideology rather than life denying . Ascetic ideals appear differently among various sorts of people . A kind of thinking asceticism leads philosophers to declare the delusiveness of surrounding world This is one way of looking at things , and Nietzsche admires looking at matters from all possible viewpoints . There is no single right way to look at the truth , so it 's best to be flexible in our viewpoints

Nietzsche considers , that asceticism arises out of spiritual sickness Those people , who find the struggle of life too hard turn against life and find it blameworthy . Nietzsche suggests that the majority of humanity is sick and sees priests as doctors who are themselves sick Religion responses this spiritual sickness only partly by extinguishing the will through meditation and work but also through orgies of feeling ' manifest in the consciousness of sin and guilt . As we condemn ourselves as sinners we do masochistically punish ourselves , and a sort of such a punishment is asceticism

Science and scholarship do not offer alternatives to the ascetic ideals of religion . They are able only to replace the worship of God with the worship of truth , and this idea has been later been drown on by Oswald Spengler . A healthy spirit should be strong enough to challenge value of truth . Nietzsche argues that while ascetic ideals direct the will against life , they still constitute a powerful exercise of the will Man would rather will nothingness than not will

But where does science stand on all of this ? Isn 't science an antagonist of the ascetic ideal ? No , says Nietzsche , picking up , here , the critique of science that began as early as The Birth of Tragedy ' in conjunction with his critique of the Socratic ideal . Science , same as religion moves towards an ascetic ideal through striving to another theoretical reality . It is thoroughly invested in the idea of truth and a denial of worldly realities , which is explained by Nietzsche in the following way "They are all oblivious of how much the will to...

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