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Paper Topic:

Palliative Care Pain Management Nursing Interventions

MANAGING PAIN : PALLIATIVE CARE IN ADULTS WITH CANCER

Pain is an aspect of cancer to which patients generally associate with especially because it pertains to actual or potential tissue damage . It is one of the common indicators of cancer patients . Many cancer patients attest that the pain they experience is distinct to pain that is experienced by a person without malignancies in their system . Pain is a symptom that is present from diagnosis , during cancer treatment and more importantly in patients exhibiting advanced stage of the disease . It is also the symptom

that cancer patients dread because aside from the discomfort , chronic pain impinge on their daily activities , enthusiasm interaction or contact with their relations and friends , greatly affecting the is a prevailing indication that is widely experienced by cancer patients , pain management was an aspect that was not given concern by health practitioners . In some cases , cancer-induced pain is undertreated (Wallace and Staats 2005

Recent attention and advancements in pain alleviation have given way to palliative approach in managing pain in cancer patients . Palliative care is an interdisciplinary as well as comprehensive approach in providing care and wellness to patients and families who are faced with a life-threatening /terminal disease . The focal point of palliative care is strengthening the comfort and the overall support system of the patients and their families after all remedial treatments has been exhausted Primary aspects of palliative care include the thorough management of symptoms , tailored management plan that make the best out of the patient 's quality of life , psychosocial and spiritual support family-focused care that extend until the time of bereavement and a synchronized care delivery system that involves hospital , hospices , the patient 's home and other specialized care centers or facilities (National Institute for Clinical Excellence 2004

A palliative care approach enables health and care professionals to put a premium on the importance of relieving cancer-related pain through outstanding and available therapies suited to the individual patient . It is therefore imperative that healthcare professionals are highly knowledgeable and specialized in the nature , origin or type of cancer that produces the pain , methods of pain assessment and the appropriate treatment - whether it 's pharmacological , surgical , behavioral , etc (Higginson 1999

PALLIATIVE APPROACH IN CANCER PAIN ASSESSMENT

It is vital to note that there are various types and degree of pain in cancer patients . Managing pain in cancer patients requires careful assessment of the individual 's physiology and detailed medical history to ascertain the locality , nature of pain and treatments that were already initialized . In addition to this , if the patient is suffering from multiple chronic pains , the healthcare professional should take into consideration each separate complaint (Regan , 2000

In tailoring a pain management plan for the patient , it is also important to distinguish if the patient is suffering from severe pain or if the individual is afflicted with chronic pain . Acute pain is transitory and often accompanied by adrenalin-fuelled symptoms like palpitations /increased heart rate , breathlessness and the dilation of pupils . Acute pain results...

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