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Paper Topic:

Organizational Behavior

Organizational Behavior

Samuel Adams was an American compatriot , one of the leaders of struggle to British course of action in Massachusetts prior to the American Revolution . He was born in Boston on September 27 , 1722 , and educated at Harvard College (now Harvard University . In 1740 , he was successively a law student , a clerk in a counting house , and a merchant . His business botched , and he afterward turned into an associate with his father in a brewery . This venture furthermore was unsuccessful after his father died . In the meantime , he had been an

energetic member in Boston political circles . during 1756 , he was nominated tax collector of Boston , a place he held for eight years . His blunt antagonism to severe enforcement of the Sugar and Molasses Act in 1764 brought him into distinction in regal politics

In 1765 , in the course of the argument aroused by the Stamp Act , he drafted the instructions to the Boston representatives in the General Court , the lawmaking body of Massachusetts . He was selected to the lower house of the General Court in the similar year . The fundamental preponderance in the lower house elected him clerk in 1766 , and despite the fact that serving in this place , which he held until 1774 , he slowly but surely understood leadership of the pressure group in Massachusetts that advocated self-government from Great Britain . in isolation , he was an unswerving and bitter adversary of Thomas Hutchinson , and well-bred biased person in charge , who served as the lieutenant administrator of the dependency from 1758 to 1771 and as stately governor from 1771 to 1774 (Scholtz , Gregory (1993

Adams determinedly predisposed every significant characteristic of the pre-Revolutionary thrash about against British regulation . In the monarchy of realistic politics , he promoted the arrangement of the Boston chapter of the Sons of Liberty and sponsored the Committee of Correspondence of Boston . He led the clash aligned with the Townshend Acts , headed the revelation that led to the Boston Massacre , heading for the Boston Tea Party , and figured extensively in other exceptional proceedings of the age . He quickly acquired an intercolonial standing in cooperation from first to last these activities and as a fictional protester and groundbreaking ideologist . a lot of of his writings , for the most part political pamphlets , were extensively dispersed and read

An advocate of the natural rights of man , he was in the front line of those Americans who challenged the power of the British Parliament and championed revolt (Tad Tuleja (1994 ) His writings are thought through powerful , and concise . Adams 's contributions to the Boston Gazette , a news , constituted a big stage of his agitational work . Regularly written under pseudonyms , his news articles inveighed against reconciliation with Great Britain they won many converts for the radical cause and generally deepened the mood for revolutionary action (Dixon , John Converse (1998

Adams was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress , which organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 , and he afterward signed the Declaration of Independence . He remained a member of the Continental Congress until its dissolution (1781 , but he was regularly at odds with his contemporaries on matters of national policy . for the reason that his exhausting antagonism to a strong nationwide government hampered mobilization of the nation for a quick conquest over Great Britain , his reputation and efficiency as a person in charge slowly but surely waned . In 1779 , Adams was a member of the committee that drafted the Massachusetts State constitution , and he was instrumental also in securing the ratification by Massachusetts of the U .S . Constitution in 1788 . He was lieutenant governor of Massachusetts from 1789 to 1793 and governor from 1794 to 1797 . He died in Boston on October 2 , 1803 (Byrne , Kerry J (2002

Samuel Adams served on the Board of War of the Second Continental Congress . A representative for the Sons of Liberty , he took part in the Boston Tea Party . As a member of the Massachusetts government , he was the chief representative for revolution . Adams helped form more than a few fundamental organizations , led the Stamp Act protest in 1765 , helped plan the Boston Tea Party of 1773 , and was a signatory of the Declaration of Independence . He was a delegate to the Continental Congress until 1781 . Adams , by his own declaration , did not hesitate to use a to some extent Machiavellian tactic . He stated "Put your opponent in the wrong , and keep him there . One of Adams 's speeches was instrumental in provoking the Boston Tea Party however , his activities were not relegated to Massachusetts alone . He realized the crucial political importance of the intercolonial committees of correspondence and was extremely active in them . Although he always remained a loyal Puritan , intercolonial politics gave him a bit of a secularist dimension . He supported listening to the prayer of an Anglican from Virginia who was a friend of the rebellion against tyranny

Adams never gives up . In response to the coercive or "unbearable " acts he and other Massachusetts delegates were able to get the Continental Congress to adopt a nonimportation and xportation agreement known as "The Association " A short time later , he and his cousin , John Adams manipulated the Continental Congress to unanimously appoint George Washington as commander in chief of the Continental Army . Shortly after this , Samuel Adams barren the Olive Branch Petition of John Dickinson Samuel Adams wanted independence . After thirty years of working for independence , a committee of the Continental Congress , which included Thomas Jefferson , John Adams , Benjamin Franklin , Roger Sherman , and Robert Livingston , drafted the Declaration of Independence (Dennis Brindell Fradin (1998

Adams participated in the first and second Continental Congresses as a long-suffering and determined supporter of freedom . Realizing that a declaration of sovereignty was not possible in the 1774 Continental Congress , Adams worked with fellow "radicals " Christopher Gadsden and Richard Henry Lee to ensure that the Congress adopted the Massachusetts Suffolk Resolves that Paul Revere had delivered to Philadelphia . In the second Continental Congress , Adams patiently and successfully worked at the rear scenes , influencing the floor on purpose that brought congressional representatives to the conclusion that independence was the only option . Samuel Adams ' reputation suffers in the modern era because of the stigma of particularly unfavorable and inequitable memoirs of the Boston patriot . John C . Miller 's 1936 Samuel Adams Pioneer in Propaganda remains the most popular biography of Samuel Adams published in the last 100 years , and yet the author in general assumes the most horrible potential motivations for Adams ' actions . The working premises for the book were that Adams sought freedom from the very beginning of his determined public life and that Samuel died a lonely and loathed man for the reason that he was competent of destroying government but not sufficiently expert of building up a new government These claims are completely incorrect . There is no proof Adams sought self-government from Britain before British troops landed in Boston in 1768 , and Miller fails to cite any . Americans would do well to re-establish the reputation of Samuel Adams , the primary coordinator of their freedom (Potkay , Adam (2000

Resources

Potkay , Adam (2000 ) The Passion for Happiness : Samuel Johnson and David Hume . Ithaca : Cornell UP

Dennis Brindell Fradin (1998 ) Samuel Adams : The Father of American Independence

Byrne , Kerry J (2002 ) Samuel Adams company pushes science of brewing in Boston (Food ) The Boston Herald Feb 10

Dixon , John Converse (1998 ) Politicizing Samuel Johnson : the moral essays and the question of ideology . College Literature Sep 22

Scholtz , Gregory (1993 ) Sola fide ? Samuel Johnson and the Augustinian doctrine of salvation . Philological Quarterly Mar 22

Tad Tuleja (1994 ) Adams , Samuel The New York Public Library Book of Popular Americana

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