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Paper Topic:

Open and Axial Coding in Qualitative Research

Open and Axial Coding in Qualitative Research


Qualitative research assumes a central role in social studies and a range of other disciplines , which essentially build upon qualitative approaches . Qualitative research has built itself up on its won theoretical paradigms and methodological preferences . The key qualitative research traditions are grounded theory and phenomenology Grounded theory which has known to be having its roots in sociology has always sought to describe and understand the key social , psychological and structural processes prevalent in the social settings . On the other hand phenomenology with

its roots in philosophy and psychology is mainly concerned with the human feelings and experiences . Basically , thus qualitative research is descriptive in contrast to the quantitative entity in quantitative research (Flick , 2006


The findings in a qualitative research being descriptive and broad , the establishment of categories is important in the grounded theory approach of qualitative research . Many qualitative studies are based on interviews , where these are recorded and transcribed . The data that are collected in this form can be collected and analysed simultaneously . If a pattern of data collected can be established through the analysis , the emergent theory can indeed guide further data collection through further modification of the question . The development of categories of data is known as coding (Flick , 2006

Open Coding

In open coding , different categories can be developed . Open coding consists of going through the interview transcripts word by word and thereby breaking down the available data and information into many discrete parts , chunks and...

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