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Paper Topic:

Ohio`s contribution to the Underground Railroad

Ohio 's Contribution to the Underground Railroad

Page 1

Ohio 's Contribution to the Underground Railroad

Ohio 's Contribution to the Underground Railroad

Page 1

The Underground Railroad was the term given to slave escape routes . The Underground Railroad was an informal network operated by people opposed to slavery (Monroe 2002 . These people helped runway slaves reach safely in Northern states or in Canada . Slavery was illegal in Canada Underground Railroad routes led from the South to the North

The Underground Railroad was never formally organized . It sprang up and

br grew over time as more people helped runaway slaves move to the North The Underground Railroad was the most active from 1830 until the outbreak of the US Civil War

It was against the law to help runaway slaves . Many people , African American and white , slave and free , helped make the Underground Railroad possible . They helped slaves because they believed that no person should own another person

Slavery was legal in the South before 1865 . During that time , many people in Ohio helped saves escape from their owners in the South . They hid the slaves in barns . They helped them travel in secret . This secret system was called Underground Railroad . It helped many slaves escape to freedom (Deady 2005

The history of the Underground Railroad in the Ohio Valley centers as much , perhaps ultimately more , on the making of the American River Jordan through the establishment of conditions of freedom for the African Americans on its north shore than it does on the means by which tens of thousands of fugitives were helped out of the clutches of American slavery . Restored to its historical context , the fact that leading centers of the Underground Railroad were also port cities of the Ohio where strong African American communities took root no longer appears to be accidental . Those communities were the fertile soil that "stations " of the Underground Railroad--that is , centers of aid to fugitives - required for a frontline struggle against slavery

Ohio 's Contribution to the Underground Railroad

Page 2

Despite the name , the Underground Railroad was not really a railroad but was a network of people who assisted fugitive slaves . People in Ohio are the ones who assisted these slaves in to get out of their enslaved labor . Many fugitives who escaped to the North and Canada received assistance along the way from individuals who were involved in this network . By the early 19th century , the organization became so successful that it is estimated that between 1810 and 1850 , 100 ,000 slaves escaped from the South through the Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad is neither underground nor a railroad . Yet it is Ohio 's enduring myth . The people who used the Underground Railroad were runaway slaves . Slavery , as an institution was , for much of this country 's early history , the shadow on the great experiment in freedom that the American Revolution had promised . Thomas Jefferson recognised it as the "fire-bell in the night " that , unheeded , would eventually bring great pain...

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