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Paper Topic:

Mummification and the Afterlife (Egypt)

Ancient Egypt had a highly developed view of the afterlife which included elaborate rituals for preparing the body and the soul for the life to come . These beliefs depended heavily upon the preservation of the body and this was accomplished through the embalming and mummification of the body in to preserve the person 's identity in the afterlife . The soft tissue of the body would be removed after death and the cavity was washed and packed with preservatives , chief among them , and a substance called natron . Upon the discovery of multiple mummies

in the late 19th century , interest in mummies have surged as more and more people seek to learn more about this fascinating aspect of our human existence . Mummies would be placed in underground tombs sometimes by themselves and sometimes in a large tomb filled with possible dozens of other tombs . Individuals would be buried with their mouths open to signify breathing new life in the new world . Individuals would be buried naked as well and would be accompanied by their riches pets and sometimes slaves all to ensure a more comfortable existence in the afterlife

Primary sources that describe the exact mummification process are limited as the process was so highly respected that its secrets were guarded . With the discovery of hundreds of mummies since the late 19th century , light has been shed on the techniques and practices of mummification which layed dormant for three thousands years . There are still more mummies to be found experts say and subsequently , more secrets that are waited to be discovered by contemporary society and what is has to offer us . These ancient Egyptian religious beliefs lasted for three thousand years and the importance of preparing a body for the afterlife was a central theme to this religion and its beliefs concerning the afterlife

Religion was very important to the ancient Egyptians . Their religion was strongly influenced by tradition , which caused them to resist change "Egyptians did not question the beliefs which had been handed down to them they did not desire change in their society ' Bryne Mary . Ancient Egyptian Religions . New York : Waller Press , 1989

One of the very strong traditions was that of Divine Kingship . Divine Kingship is the belief that the Pharaoh was not only the King (political ruler ) but also a god . The Pharaoh was associated with Horus , son of Re the sun god . Later it was believed that at death he became Osiris , or an Osiris , and would help the Egyptians in their afterlife . Due to their beliefs , the Pharaoh held an immense amount of power . In addition , the priests in Ancient Egypt were also very powerful . When things were going well , the people believed the priest and pharaoh were doing their jobs well when things in the country were not going well , the people believed the pharaoh and the priest were to blame . The religion of Ancient Egypt was a polytheistic (many gods ) religion with one short period of monotheism (one god . Their religion hosted...

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