Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA)
For example , the AHP technique is applied by numerous computer software supply companies : IBM applies SMART as a strategic reporting and measurement technique for its supply chain . The performance measurement process in IBM 's supply chain involves calculation and evaluation of the input and output from the supply chain . This is compared with other proposed supply chains so that if the results of the current supply chain are below those of proposed ones form the SCOR (supply chain operations research improvements are made by implementing the proposed supply chain (Ren , Dong , Ding
and Wang , 2006
One of the major strategic considerations in the supply chain is the selection of suppliers . Selection of appropriate suppliers is a multi objective issue that should consider quantitative and qualitative factors . Combined with their interdependencies , these two factors make selection of supplier even more complicated . In the recent past logistics and supply chain managers have realized the convenience achieved through the use of MCDA techniques in the selection of suppliers for law materials and labor (in the case of outsourcing of human resources (Mahapatra and Sreekumar , 2009 . The method involves fuzzy approach of selecting the best suppliers . In this kind of supply chain decision problem , all the decision makers are presumed to be equal in analytical capacity , which results in an impossible aggregation of decision . They then apply AHP and MAUT techniques in weighing the intensity of attractiveness of the suppliers to come with a numerical value for the supplier (Mahapatra and Sreekumar , 2009
Product-Driven Characteristics . Over the recent past , researchers in supply chain management discovered that integration and decision in the supply chain ought to be driven the product characteristics and life cycle of the manufactured product . As such , multi criteria decision analysis becomes necessary to the supply chain in making decision...
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