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Paper Topic:

Military Draft

Running head : Persuasive Essay on Military Draft

Military Draft : On Ending the War against Terrorism

Military Draft : On Ending the War against Terrorism

Conscription is the compulsory enrollment ' or forced membership of individuals per mandate of some established authority for involuntary work , especially in serving the armed forces . In the United States , this is colloquially known as the draft . For many years , America 's young men were drafted to provide backup to the Armed Forces

To date , the terrorist attacks on September 11 , 2001 that sparked a global movement to halt

terrorism , had gone to a great extent . Terrorism activities had become prevalent for the past 10 years that even the US 's unquestioned armed forces was not able to put an end to it . Terrorism is a threat not just for the present population but also for the future of mankind and the only way to stop this is to provide sufficient military power to counter terrorist attacks and to end terrorism in time

Military draft should be reinstated to provide sufficient manpower in the fight against terrorism . When the current military count is not enough to overrun the forces of terror , why not increase manpower by forcing individuals to join the move towards ending the war against terrorism

Military Draft Explained

Since the beginning of mankind , forced labor was already prominent Conscription is the word that embodies it all . Mandatory service has some important applications especially in the armed forces

In the United States , the Selective Service System registers aged individuals as a requirement . This system has three basic responsibilities (i ) to provide enough number of men needed by the Armed Forces (ii ) do the conscription process with little disturbance as possible , and lastly (iii ) guide postponements into some areas that are useful in other means such as scientific and educational groups

Timeline of the Draft

Between the American Constitution , through the Civil War , until 1916 From the time of American Revolution , General George Washington commanded conscripted troops . This was the first American patriot 's unlimited obligation ' to perform military service (Burk . From then on , Americans were automatically accepting the task whenever and wherever they are asked to fight , to be drafted , or to be conscripted To them , it was there moral obligation , duty and love for country - until 1968

During the Civil War , the North and the South resorted to Extreme Draft after unsuccessful fight of their volunteer armies . About the same period , Abraham Lincoln , with his Emancipation Proclamation , freed all slaves and passed to the Congress the National Enrollment Act , which was aimed at enrolling selected single men , aged 20-45 and married men up to 35 (Gill , 2005a

The draft , however , did not have a pretty good impression towards the existing population . Controversies in the draft include the cost of buying the way out , which was only 300 , in favor of the wealthy The New York City draft office was burned by a mob in 1963 which initiated a five-day riot among the city 's black population and the wealthy . The draft was resumed after assigning 10 ,000 soldiers in the city . Opposition to the draft occurred in many other cities throughout North America (Gill , 2005a

20th Century . During the World War I , a system , the Selective Service System , which prohibited enlistment bounties and personal substitution (Gill , 2005a ) was established . Conscriptions were done using the system which was a big help in the Armed Forces ' fight across the land . Table 1 summarizes the different conflicts as well as the draftees and armed forces Table 1 . Different conflicts involving the US armed forces and the number of draftees in the armed forces

Conflict Draftees Armed Forces Civil War - Union

(1783-1865 ) 164 ,000 (8

inc . substitutes 2 .1 million

WWI

(1917 - 1918 ) 2 .8 million (72 ) 3 .5 million

WWII

(1940 - 1946 ) 10 .1 million (63 ) 16 million

Korea

(1950 - 1953 ) 1 .5 million (54 ) 1 .8 in theatre

2 .8 million Vietnam

(1964 - 1973 ) 1 .9 million

(56 / 22 ) 3 .4 million in theatre

8 .7 million Source : Kathy Gill , `Military Conscription , Recruiting and the Draft (Gill , 2001a

The draft helped in maintaining the armed forces through the different conflicts involving America . As seen from the table , the immediate effect of conscription is the increase in the size of the armed forces From the Civil War period down to the Vietnam War , there is a significant rise in the number of draftees that were able to fill in the vacancies that could not be filled by voluntary means

Present . After the Vietnam War , the draft was abolished . Until today the armed forces are composed of All-Volunteer Army (AVA . However registration in the Selective Service is still a requirement for males age 18-25 . On January 10 , 2007 , Rep . Charles Rangel passed a bill called the Universal National Service Act of 2007 which states that , .all persons in the United States between ages of 18 and 42 to perform national service (The Library of Congress , 2007

Arguments for the Draft

Citing George Washington 's rationale for national service

. it must be laid down as a primary position and the basis of our (democratic ) system , that every citizen who enjoys the protection of a free Government owes not only a proportion of his property , but even his personal service to the defence of it (Gill , 2005b

Israel 's armed forces are often cited as highly-trained and effective militia despite the fact that it is peopled by mandatory national service ' However , Israel 's conscription system is unique because instead of drafting people , citizens are required to serve for a period of two to three years . The only time that America came up to a point like this was during the time of Washington when he ed that every white male are required to be part of the militia

The issue on the draft has long been proposed and debated intermittently in the Congress after the Vietnam War yet it was never been successful In fact , there has been a reduction on the funds for voluntary service

According to the Universal National Service Act (Gill , 2005b , the 15-month military service is compulsory for men and women aged 18-26 Rep . Rangel who was a veteran of the Korean War introduced this bill saying

I truly believe that those who make the decision and those who support the United States going into war would feel more readily the pain that 's involved , the sacrifice that 's involved , if they thought that the fighting force would include the affluent and those who historically have avoided this great responsibility

Those who love this country have a patriotic obligation to defend this country . For those who say the poor fight better , I say give the rich a chance (CNN , 2003

In this regard , it is safe to assume that it is easy to look for supporters of the draft . Beginning from Washington , the spirit of patriotism was inculcated in the American minds . Despite resistance to the draft , more people are likely to perform that unlimited obligation ' once done by sincere and responsible patriots in the past

Putting an End to the War on Terrorism

After the September 11 , 2001 (9 /11 ) terrorist attacks in the United States , President George W . Bush ed a war against the terrorists who were responsible for the attacks . The war on terrorism began on October 7 with Bush saying about the war on terrorism "Our war on terror begins with al Qaeda , but it does not end there . It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found , stopped and defeated (Bush , 2001

For almost 6 years , the war on terrorism has begun and is yet to end This war is taking too much time as compared to previous wars . It involved many countries , many groups that support terrorism activities There is no sure date when this will end

The most probable reason why this problem is taking too long to resolve is the insufficiency of manpower in the US militia . This delay could be resolved when there will be an increase in the armed forces . In this way , the terrorists can be outnumbered and when it happens , Bush 's `war on terror ' shall be ended

To do this , the government must call for involuntary work at once , that is , mandatory service , military draft , or conscription , must be reinstated in the Congress . For many years , the United States Armed Forces together with the civilian power had conquered many conflicts . It will be enough evidence that nothing is impossible ' with military draft . It is a straightforward way to halt terrorism

Conclusion

Military draft is bounded by issues and resistances among different groups in the American society . Many people have tried to cheat their way out of the registration done by the US Selective Service System

However , during times of war crisis , sufficient militia is the key towards victorious exit . Conscription has been the resort of countries that found volunteer army was no longer sufficient . In the United States , military draft was able to provide sufficient force to conquer many conflicts it involved - overseas or not

The `War on Terrorism ' is yet to end . Despite the unquestioned armed forces of the United States , it is still unable to put an end to the war . Perhaps the only way to end it is to supply a massive force drawn from the people . Military draft should be reinstated in this case References

Burk , J (2001 , January 28 , 2007 . The Military Obligation of Citizens since Vietnam . Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /www .carlisle .army .mil /usawc /Parameters /01summer /burk .htm http /www .carlisle .army .mil /usawc /Parameters /01summer /burk .htm

Bush , President G . W (2001 . Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People [Electronic version] . Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /www .whitehouse .gov /news /releases /2001 /09 /-8 .html http /www .whitehouse .gov /news /releases /2001 /09 /-8 .html

CNN (2003 , January 8 , 2003 . Rangel introduces bill to reinstate draft Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /www .cnn .com /2003 /ALLPOLITICS /01 /07 /rangel .draft http /www .cnn .com /2003 /ALLPOLITICS /01 /07 /rangel .draft

Gill , K (2005a . Military Conscription , Recruiting and the Draft - Overview . Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /uspolitics .about .com /od /electionissues /a /draft .htm http /uspolitics .about .com /od /electionissues /a /draft .htm

Gill , K (2005b . Military Conscription , Recruiting and The Draft - Pro /Con . Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /uspolitics .about .com /od /electionissues /a /draft_4 .htm http /uspolitics .about .com /od /electionissues /a /draft_4 .htm

The Library of Congress (2007 . Universal National Service Act of 2007 Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from HYPERLINK "http /thomas .loc .gov /cgi-bin /query /z ?c110 :H .R .393 http /thomas .loc .gov /cgi-bin /query /z ?c110 :H .R .393

Powers , R (2006a . All About the Draft . Retrieved March 28 , 2007 from http /usmilitary .about .com /cs /wars /a /draft2 .htm

Powers , R (2006b . Are You Going to Be Drafted ? Retrieved March 28 2007 , from http /usmilitary .about .com /cs /wars /a /draft .htm

S .S .S (2007 , January 28 , 2007 . The Selective Service System Retrieved March 28 , 2007 , from http /www .sss .gov /HIST .HTM http /www .sss .gov /backgr .htm , http /www .sss .gov /FSbackgr .htm http /www .sss .gov /induct .htm , http /www .sss .gov /viet .htm http /www .sss .gov /lotter1 .htm , http /www .sss .gov /FSdiffer .htm http /www .sss .gov /FShow 20would .htm , and http /www .sss .gov /FSwho .htm

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