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Paper Topic:

Managing Workplace relations

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Managing Workplace relations

When industry is protected , its executives do not require being as nimble as they might and the workforce does not need to be as well trained as it could be . Protection from competition breeds satisfaction Protection of industry was an essential part of a national formula for prosperity which the nation had followed since Federation . The formula was simple , though it was rarely stated simply . Australia would engender wealth by exporting to world markets from farming and mining . It would

br form jobs for Australians in manufacturing by protecting it . It paid for the protection with the wealth earned from farming and mining

The connection between the nineteenth and twentieth century patterns of government economic initiative has been directly stated by McFarlane From the very earliest days .a public sector has been vital in setting the pace , atmosphere , and social investment 'infrastructure ' essential to economic development . With the coming of federation and the growth of a tariff system the government was practically taking the risk out of capitalism -- helping to underwrite risk , to build up certain markets for the products of domestic private enterprise . Industrialization was not achieved by a frugal , development-orientated aggressive middle class . What happened rather was that the public sector or government directive became substitutes for the normal functions of the middle class and capitalist groups as agents of economic development . certainly there followed the growth of a bureaucracy to run a network of regulation agencies (Bruce McFarlane , 1968

In the Commonwealth Parliament , the social disparities between parties have been strongly marked ever since Federation , though a number of changes have taken place over the period . One of these is the decline in the fraction of manual workers in the ALP . At the NSW election of 1891 when seventeen Labor men were elected to the colonial parliament , three quarters of them were manual workers . In the federal parliamentary party over the entire period from 1901 to 1951 , 41 per cent of all members were manual workers . Between 1919 and 1934 , the proportion in each parliament fluctuated around the fifty per cent mark at the general election of 1934 , it dropped below this level and has declined gradually ever since . In the parliament of 1958-61 , it was only twelve per cent

The proportion of trade union officials , on the other hand , has not shown any long-term secular decline . In the whole period since Federation , it has hardly ever fallen below one-half of the parliamentary party , divided almost equally between salaried and honorary officers . This appears to corroborate the widely-held view that union officials have a lien on safe seats , particularly as most of those entering parliament tend to stay there for a long time . The prolonged terms of office common in this century had the effect of weakening the manual worker and trade union element in Labor governments . Labor was incessantly in office in New South Wales from 1941 to 1965 . In the original ministry of fifteen , five were...

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