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Paper Topic:

Logos, Pathos, Ethos, and exigency

p Logos , Pathos , Ethos , and Exigency Logos , Pathos , Ethos , and Exigency in Orwell 's 1984 George Orwell 's dystopian masterpiece "1984 " was intended by its author to function not merely as an entertaining and suspenseful narrative , but as a stark and dire warning to his contemporaries and to future generations regarding the sinister influence of tyranny over human society . In to present his warning in the most effective and profound fashion , Orwell employed a narrative aesthetic which had as its goal the creation of a successful appeal to his audience , an appeal

br which would stimulate the rational , emotional , and moral senses of a reader simultaneously . The exigency of the novel is due to Orwell 's firm conviction that the society he portrayed in "1984 " was a logical extrapolation from current conditions "1984 , his satirical novel about the future , is a warning to the world , a very vivid presentation of the terror that could occur in the near future if all the implications of in a world of fear (Meyers , 1997 ,

. 277

Orwell 's appeal to the rational sense is projected throughout the novel 's first part by way of the presentation of socialized institutions : Big Brother , the two-minute hate , thought-crime , and perhaps most notably , the notion of "newspeak " which subverts language for political purposes "Newspeak " was his term for the minimized and perverted form of English that the ruling regime of Nineteen Eighty-Four used to control its population (Meyers , 1997 ,

. 277 ) By presenting the reader with a logically constructed social hierarchy and a functioning mode of terminology to accompany the envisioned society and political structure in "1984 " Orwell engages the reader intellectually and convinces the logical functions of his audience to suspend their disbelief . The resulting verisimilitude drives the exigency of "1984 's political message

To engage readers emotionally , Orwell develops a love story during the second part of the novel . During the first part of the novel , he relies on reader identification with beloved ways of life , or freedoms , which have been obliterated from the society portrayed in the novel . The novel 's protagonist lives an ugly , miserable , and unfulfilling life "Winston Smith works at the Ministry of Truth . He slavishly produces trashy literature and revamps Big Brother 's speeches to accommodate the regime 's self-serving revisions of history (Brunsdale , 2000 ,

. 140 The reader is apt to identify with the novel 's main character , to sympathize with him , and in doing so , begin to despise the conditions under which he lives and the social and political institutions which enable the suppression of individuality . This drives the exigency of Orwell 's message by conferring a sense of Most importantly , Orwell wanted to appeal to the reader 's sense of morality as well as logic and emotion . By inverting common "sins " or typical social diversions into instruments of political domination and exploitation , Orwell impresses his audience with the unethical basis of Big Brother "The ugly misery of life in 1984 is perhaps the strongest impression that remains with...

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