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Paper Topic:

Large Schools vs Small Schools

Large Schools vs . Small Schools : Which perform better

Small schools perform better than large schools in more than one aspect .A study finds that small rural communities with a school have significantly higher housing values , more new housing , smaller income variability , fewer households receiving public assistance , lower poverty and child poverty rates , more workers in professional and managerial jobs , and more workers employed within the community (1 ) The existence of schools even in small rural areas proves many benefits , but there is a larger question posed , would it be more beneficial to have

a small school or a large one ? This aims to find which category offers more to the quality of students . It may be true that large schools may have grander facilities like television and radio stations but there is more than behind the curtain of facilities

An extensive body of research demonstrates numerous positive benefits of small schools and small learning communities , especially for those students who are at greatest risk of educational failure . Indeed , in a synthesis of research on small schools , Raywid (1997 /1998 ,

. 35 concludes , there is enough evidence now of such positive effects - and of the devastating effects of large size on substantial numbers of youngsters - that it seems morally questionable not to act on it (2 This is more or less the same stand that this takes . In a small school there would be more benefits . As you will see throughout the , there have been studies that point out the benefits of a small school over that of a large one . There is almost 40 years of existing research and literature on small schools which indicates that students in small schools have higher attendance and graduation rates (1 , fewer drop-outs , equal or better levels of academic achievement (2 , higher levels of extra-curricular participation (3 ) and parent involvement , and fewer incidences of discipline and violence (4 (3

Wasley , et al (2000 , pg 4 ) says small schools increase student attendance across all types of small schools : schools-within-schools (SWS , freestanding small schools , and multi-school small schools Lakhman (1999 , on the other hand found that between 1988 and 1998 DeWitt Clinton high school developed 10 small schools . During that time they reduced their dropout rate by 8 .5 and increased their on-time graduation rate by almost 50 . Thus , proving that small schools have the ability to improve attendance and graduation rate

Moreover , researchers observe that the effects of smallness on achievement are indirect , being mediated through other small-school features as quality of the social environment and students ' sense of attachment to the school . Mitchell (2000 ) reminds us that in the studies conducted by Howley and others , school size had such a powerful positive effect on the achievement of poor students that it even trumped the beneficial effects of class size (Cotton , 2001 . This can also be credited to the fact that in a small school , they can focus more on the need of each student . Sometimes , students does not need a large...

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