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Paper Topic:

Kants ethics of duty and freedom

Kant 's Ethics of Dignity and Freedom

Immanuel Kant 's moral philosophy contends that morality is grounded from deductive reasoning . In his Groundwork for Metaphysics of Morals , Kant introduced the main premise of his moral Philosophy , the Categorical Imperative (Singer , 1993 . The Rationale of Kantian ethics is to construct ethical principles in accordance with rational procedures which includes duty (Singer , 1993 . Kant grounds his moral philosophy on the question what I ought to do , he then attempts to determine the fundamental principles that humans should adopt . Kant fully furnishes his ethical

claims in a subjective approach regarding what is good for man

Criticism of Previous Ethical Thories

In his Critique of Pure Reason , Immanuel Kant primarily makes a connection between rationalism and empiricism . Conversely , Kant counters David Hume 's empiricism , stating that although all knowledge begin with experience , it does not necessarily mean that it all comes from experience . In his realization of Hume 's dubious conclusions , Kant dwelled on the postulation that all ideas are representations of sensory experience (Guyer and Wood , 1998 . To counter Hume , Kant attempted to find another means to derive cause and effect without dependence from empirical knowledge (Guyer and Wood , 1998

Kant grounds his perspective of freedom as autonomy , and morality from the beliefs of renowned French enlightenment philosopher , Jean Jacque Rousseau . Rousseau believes that freedom is not simply being unbound from any law , but by the laws that are , in a sense , made by the individual . Hence , Kant primarily conforms to the idea that freedom bypasses the negative notion of being free from influences that are governed by elements outside the self (Johnson , 2004

Kant , although influenced by rationalist Rene Descartes , counters the latter 's perspective on the existence of God based on reason , that due to restrictions brought about by reason , no one can really know if there really is a God . Kant solidifies his claims by stating that justifiable knowledge must be grounded from a reality encountered solely by human experience (Singer , 1993 . In his explanation , Kant asserts that all the preparations for reason in what may be deemed as pure philosophy are directly adressed to three problems God , soul and freedom (Guyer and Wood , 1998 . Kant neither denies nor accepts the existence of God he , however , argues against the rationalist perspective of God and sees the Christian scriptures as a worldly narrative which can be agreed upon as a representation of morality (Singer , 1993

Autonomy and Heteronomy

Autonomy and its principles are important in Kant 's moral philosophy this is due to the fact that the basis of the actions are based on internal motives . In this context , the one who acts (the Agent ) does it in an autonomous manner since the agent is the only key holder to the basis of the action . Heteronomy , for Kant is an element in the basis of a moral act that are driven by external factors (Singer , 1993 . A person then who acts under the influence of outside forces is not acting freely...

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