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Paper Topic:

Juvenile Justice Final Exam 4 essay questions

1 . Discuss conflicting goals within the juvenile justice system . How do these goals manifest themselves in policies addressing juvenile offenders

It is acknowledged as State policy for it to look after the children of its citizens . This the State does as it fulfills its duty under its role as parens patriae , which loosely translates to acting as a benevolent steward in the mold of a good father over its citizens . It has to pay special attention to children as for all intents and purposes these children are the future of the State

, and as such it is long acknowledged that the State has the power to step into the shoes of a child 's natural parents in to further the best interests of the child when the child 's natural parents can no longer do so . Because the State will step into the shoes of a child 's natural parents when it needs to , the juvenile justice system has a dual-pronged approach toward crime . It aims to rehabilitate juvenile offenders through education and to prevent the commission of future crime through deterrence and exposure to retribution

This approach carries with it several effects . The focus on the rehabilitation of the minor has caused the creation of the genear rule that trials in juvenile justice courts must be closed to the public in to prevent societal recrimination for the ill effects of what may be just youthful exuberance from attaching to the child . This in turn is supposed to shield him from further developmental trauma and alienation from society . By natural extension , the records of juvenile justice courts are restricted so as to prevent prying eyes to prejudice those with childish indiscretions

However , because violent and heinous crimes committed by minors remains an issue , there remains a component of deterrence and retribution in juvenile justice systems . There are an increasing number of States led by Idaho , Indiana , Iowa , Maine , Maryland , Minnesota , Missouri , Utah , and Virginia , which make public juvenile justice records if the crime committed is of such a degree that it may properly be considered as a felony . Thus spurred and under the guise of societal protection , most of the States have begun to apply a stricter interpretation of the law leading to more prosecutions of minors in adult courts , sentencing to serve mandatory minimum sentences , and even more incarceration

2 . The first juvenile court did not come into being until 1899 in Cook County , Illinois . What were the circumstances surrounding the perceived need for a court addressing only juveniles ? How did juvenile court advocates conceptualize the role of the courts ? How did early juvenile courts operate in practice ? How did they differ from criminal courts

As modern psychology and sociology began to flourish at the end of the 18th century , there came judicial and social recognition in the substantial distinction in the ability of adolescents to tell right from wrong and display proper cognitive functions . This , coupled with a wave of new thinking in the criminal justice...

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