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Paper Topic:

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Learning

Running Head : INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES TO LEARNING

The Interdisciplinary Approaches to Learning

Is there a paradigm of Leadership

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The Interdisciplinary Approaches to Learning

Is there a paradigm of Leadership

It is once again the election season in the United States . Candidates are proclaiming that they are the best person to lead America in the coming years . But how do observers evaluate these claims ? A useful intellectual tool for understanding the dynamics of this discourse is the concept of

a paradigm . According to Kuhn (1962 as cited in Pajares , a paradigm represents a specific way of viewing reality . A paradigm advances certain ontological positions about reality . It also prescribes the acceptable procedures that can be employed in to generate knowledge of a phenomenon under scrutiny . This view also implies that there are ways to evaluate the type of knowledge that is presented to the world

Kuhn 's idea of a paradigm is very much applicable in what he himself termed as sciences that have reached a matured ' level such as physics . One can argue that in the study of physics , inquiry is dominated by communities of scientists who are often based in major research institutions . They often use established procedures for mutual evaluation and discussion . Physics has reached a level where there is consensus about the boundaries of principal problems , the standards for dealing with them , and the values that must inform the recommendations

The established procedures of physics permits scientific inquiry within the scope of what is recognized in the community of scientists even to the extent that supposed anomalies might be unearthed . There is however a noticeable screening mechanism that limits the frequency of this type of undertaking . If one is to embark on research that is viewed as beyond the scope of the recognized scope then support for it especially in financial terms is bound to be difficult to come by . To put it in perspective , one can likely be supported financially if one would do research in improving engine efficiency of rockets to make space travel easier but if one is to proposed to experiment on the likelihood of using quantum theory for time travel one is likely to be rejected by funding institutions like the government

According to Kuhn , paradigms that were dominant before but were replaced by newer ones are very much different from each other that comparing them is a rather useless exercise . Kuhn considered the newer paradigms to be radical departures from previous ones . They are not as he had asserted slight modifications of the previously dominant paradigm . This has resulted in the ushering of an entirely different way of thinking particularly in areas concerning the ontology of the phenomenon being studied as well as the acceptable methodology for deriving knowledge from it . This likewise makes predictions in the new paradigm regarding the relationships of concepts incompatible with the old paradigm (Forster , 1998 ) Due to these reasons , Kuhn claimed that the formulation of...

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