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Paper Topic:

Informed Consent and Honoring Directives

: Informed Consent and Honoring Directives

Specifications : 4 pages , 4 sources , APA style

: language in a 4-page essay , evaluate and discuss the legal implications of the actions in the proceeding scenario . be thorough but do not simply focus on the ethical implications

`Mrs . Sparza , a 70 year old grandmother with little English skills , is scheduled for surgery of her right eye . Upon entry to the hospital , she and her son review the general admission documents and Mrs . Sparza signs them all . Mrs . Sparza also completed and executed a durable power of

attorney for health care

Mrs . Sparza identified her daughter and son as her agents for decision-making in the event that she became incapacitated . Mrs . Sparza also specified that she did not wish any heroic measures and that in the event she went into a coma she wanted the life support terminated

After changing into a patient gown and having her vital signs taken Mrs . Sparza is taken into the pre-operative room where she is placed on a gurney

After administration of pre-operative muscle relaxant medication , she is rolled into the operating room . Upon entering the operating room , Mrs Sparza is greeted by Nurse Johnson who asks Mrs . Sparza to sign the surgical consent form . The form is in English and identifies the procedure as surgery of both eyes . Mrs . Sparza is told that she is scheduled for surgery of both eyes and is asked to sign the consent

When Mrs . Sparza objects and refuses , Dr . Pinnette enters in his green scrubbs and talks with Mrs . Sparza with the aid of an interpreter . After a minute of conversation , with tears in her eyes , Mrs . Sparza signs the consent form and is placed under general anesthesia

At six a .m , on the next day of her hospitalization , Mrs . Sparza suffers a heart attack and her kidneys ceased function . She subsequently went into a coma . Her children were immediately notified and arrived at the hospital at 8 :30 a .m . When informed of the doctor`s decision to place Mrs . Sparza on a dialysis machine , the son and daughter declined consent and asked that life-support be terminated pursuant to the patient 's directive

Mrs . Sparza`s cardiologist , a world-renowned cardiac surgeon , refused to give the nurses the to terminate life-support . Dr . Lox looked for every excuse to avoid the family . At the family 's request , Mrs . Sparza`s nurses provided comfort care until 3 :30 in the afternoon of the next day . The two day ordeal was a long and emotionally traumatic experience for Mrs . Sparza`s family , who received relief when Mrs . Sparza`s nurse injected a fatal dose of morphine to ease and expedite her death . ` The patient by name Mrs . Sparza was suffering from a condition affecting her right eye , and she required undergoing surgery . She had given consent to performing surgery on her right eye . Before the surgery she signed the s for surgery on her right eye , and also gave her children the right to make decisions...

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