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Paper Topic:

Heredity, Environment, and Development: Shared and Nonshared Environmental Experiences

Team : Heredity , Environment , and Development

Shared and Nonshared Environmental Experiences

Behavior genetics is divided into two types : the genetic and the environmental influences . Genetic influences point to the `nature ' of the person : the personality and traits that are biological and hereditary , such as intelligence , mannerism , weight , or height Environmental influences , however , pertain to `nurture ' or the context that surrounds the individual , such as family , peers , socioeconomic environment , cultural environment , or political environment . These environmental influences are divided between the `shared ' environmental experiences as well as the `nonshared ' environmental experiences p

Main Body

Shared environmental experiences are different from nonshared environmental experiences . The following differentiates the two types of environmental influences

Shared environmental experiences

Shared environmental experiences pertain to the type of experiences that is shared by siblings in the same family (Great Ideas in Personality , 1998 . Examples of this are the socioeconomic status of the family , the social /political status of the family , cultural environment , race , ethnicity , religion (may not be applicable in some cases , culture , resources and properties , type and level of education and parent education

Shared environmental experiences play a crucial part in the area of personality development because it is these experiences that make the person different from other people that are in the same community . They are the cornerstone of a person 's personality and development , which is usually created in the primary years of an individual or during childhood . It is the most basic environmental type of experience , which becomes the basis of the nonshared environmental experiences in the latter years . It gives a person a distinct behavior and trait by building an overall personality , as an effect of the blending of shared experiences , such as socioeconomic status , social /political status culture , race , religion , and other components . They are the type of experiences that would build the overall mental and psychological traits of the person , as an effect of things that are shared inside the family .Nonshared environmental experiences

Nonshared environmental experiences pertain to the type of experiences that is unique for each sibling in the family (Great Ideas in Personality , 1998 . Examples of this are the peer group , educational experiences and achievements , individual trainings and talents , certain differences in terms of parental treatment , differences in religion and beliefs , social acceptance or denial , and experiences in terms of physical , mental , and social differences

Nonshared environmental experiences also play a crucial part in the area of personality development because it is these experiences that make a person different from other members of the family . They bring color and shade to a certain person 's personality , and are usually being more developed during adolescence and adulthood . It gives a distinct `flavor ' to the personality , based on past experiences that are unique to the person . They are the building blocks of personality distinctiveness , which may take effect inside or outside the family , as an effect of the variations in the context during vital years in a person 's lifetime . Its role in development is to give an exclusive...

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