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Paper Topic:

Gangs in L.A., Chicago and NY

Gangs in L .A , Chicago and NY

Its a research overview of the social and economic factors affecting the establishment of gangs in Chicago , Los Angeles , and New York

The May FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin (Brantley , 1994 ) reports that Gang violence in the United States has been here for a very long time Historically , gangs cropped up even before the United States declared its independence from England . Records show that the gang The Sons of Liberty grew in the colonial towns then to show their strong defiance to British governance . After a

hundred years , many ethnic gangs had so entrenched themselves in the same cities along the seafront between New York and Boston . As the United States grew in terms of territorial domain , the gangs sprung up in many urban communities around the Midwest and the West coast localities . Historically , Chicago and Long some parts of California have long traditions of homicides perpetrated by gangs there

During the 1980s , many factors combined to ignite a dramatic increase in gangs and gang affiliations among the United States young men and women . In fact , Gang homicides and other crimes catapulted to unprecedented heights because different gangs battled each other to control territory . A bigger territory translated to a bigger share of the illegal drug trade . This statistical data continued into the 1990s Specifically , Los Angeles had been the central arena of the United States where gang related homicides and other crimes has skyrocketed to 250 percent . Evidently , gang homicides there zoomed from only two hundred seventy six (276 ) in 1979 to more than seven hundred (700 ) in 1990 . On the contrary , homicides that were not caused by gangs had surprisingly diminished significantly . Furthermore , many other communities in the United States are bothered a gang violence due to the small number of gang incidents

Happily , many gangs have short lives . they usually weaken as the days go on and just fade away . Reasonably , the successful prosecution of these law violators coupled by the diminishing interest of gang members to continue are the two major reasons for their untimely extinction . On the contrary , many gangs are very successful . They grow in territorial magnitude for they know how to manage their economic territory and also are very active in recruiting new members into their group Business-wise , many supergangs engage in legitimate businesses plus other white collar crimes like money laundering and corruption of government leaders . Complexly , the supergangs metamorphose into organized crime syndicates . Locally , the Los Angeles Crips gang has been processing unification of all Crips gangs all over the United States with one person overseeing the entire nation 's crime activities

Furthermore , many youths join gangs to fill their unsatisfied needs For , the needs offered by gangs include nurturing , structure , sense of brotherhood or sisterhood and the monetary benefits . People from economically distressed communities compose a big percentage of the gang membership . Evidently , many join gangs simply for the excitement and the thrill The differences between the cities

There is no major difference between the gangs preying on the communities of New York , Los Angeles and Chicago . For , all three places have gang members who go to all means to protect their current territory and increase their gang territory . The gang members in these three states have the same the same reasons for joining the group such as for the excitement of it , belonging to a group , the business side of membership , to drink alcohol and socialize with many other persons , for masculinity and other reasons

How do they handle the gang problem

Additionally , 2006 information from the Bureau of Justice Statistics this year reiterates that firearms related violence had climbed stiffly up during the past year from only 1 .4 persons per 1 ,000 persons aged twelve years and older to the higher 2 .00 persons per 1 ,000 persons . In retaliation , the New York has produced laws that increases penalties for gun caused crimes and assaults on police officers Statistics shows that murder rate had decreased in Los Angeles and Washington . On the other hand , the murder rate had increased in Chicago New York , Detroit , Houston and Boston

(No author , 2006 . As a result of the stiffer penalties , the aggressive policing in Chicago and Los Angeles has resulted to the decrease in the crime rate there but homicide rates are mixed . In Los Angeles , the United States Attorney 's Office use RICO to cases and convict members of the largest gangs to help diminish the crime rate there

On the other hand , Chicago has been implementing used a program of concentrating resources on criminals and instituting educational sessions to re-admit law violators to warn the gang members that their crime record will give a higher probability that the law violator will be forcibly returned to the jail cells if they are caught carrying unlicensed firearms . Helpfully , the federal government has earmarked two and a half million United States dollars to approved to meet head-on the gangs in Long Angeles despite the low budget . The state lawmakers approved the children 's safety and violent crime reduction act , HR 4472 that includes continued grants to officers from the Gang Resistance Education Act budget

The article Los Angeles Campaign Cracks Street Gang , Organized Crime (No author , 2006 , that the Los Angeles Police Department has been helping hand in hand with the Federal Bureau of Investigation against gang members and in society . The Los Angeles Police Department has been aided by the Federal Bureau of Investigation to solve gang wars in Los Angeles . The Los Angeles police could not forgot one of their members killed by the bullets of a gang be a member . There were 49 gang members and drug dealers convicted by the courts here due to the energetic drive of the Los Angeles police

The article UPSTATE CITIES WILL GET GREATER RESOURCES ( No author 2006 ) announced that New York Governor Eliot Spitzer has promised to give more resources for the enhancement of the law enforcement agency in upstate cities that are meeting head on the gangs there . The resources will be used to pinpoint gangs , enlarging the DNA information in to include all law violators and implementing a witness protection system here . Also , the governor announced plans to improve Los Angeles ' complex court system for it often does not provide justice when it should have

The article New York Takes on Gun Crime , Officer Assault (No author 2006

States that New York has approved new laws that will increase the penalties for illegal possession of firearms as well as assaults on police officers in a direct bid to control street violence and close down organized street gangs in this city . And , this new gun law has increased the minimum compulsory jail term from one year to the higher forty two months . Governor George Pataki has formally signed the law in a formal ceremony that will tightening the noose on the prior ineffective gun use . Effectively , the purpose of these new gun laws is the decrease the proliferation of guns in the streets . Automatically , if the number of guns are diminished , then the corresponding number of crimes in New York will continue to slide downward . In fact , Governor Pataki boasted that New York had successfully the crimes in New York by more than ninety thousand cases as compared with the year 2004 . One major reason is that New York has approved over one hundred laws intended to revamp the criminal justice system there . Proudly , State Criminal Justice Director Chauncy G . Parker stated that the new criminal laws will be priceless resource for police officer to keep illegal guns out of the streets of New York community (Klein , 1997

The article Los Angeles Appeals for Aid to Hit Gangs ( No author 2006 ) shows that Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa asked Attorney General Alberto Gonzales to increase federal help for the City 's expanding fight against gang violence . He has been infested with gang related violence occurring in the city of Angels . The mayor has instructed the police officers to meet directly , aggressively and comprehensively the gangs there . He decided on this bolder move in to put a stop to the gangs ' continued slowing down of the progress there . He wants the crime to decrease and even come to a full stop . To do this , he wants related crimes has increased by fourteen (14 ) percent and that fifty six percent of the murders in 2006 were related to gangs . This increase in gang related violence was the highest for the last four years . In response , Los Angeles police chief William Bratton and County Sheriff Lee Baca have been coordination with their gang units to hasten the process of reducing the gangs there . Another reason for the increase in gang violence here is that there is an increase in inter -gang violence over territorial drug and other reasons . Furthermore , the gangs have focused on generating new members from the jails . Since our justice system allows the jailed person to be probated and discharged earlier than normal . The early jail release has been due to the fact that the jails are saturated . As proof , the sheriff 's office stated that a normal day would release 50 ,000 criminals because of the leniency of the legal system in the United States

The sheriff 's office said an average of 50 ,000 felons are getting early release every year because of budget cuts and court s to reduce jail capacity violations

The impact the gangs had on each city

Unmindful of the warnings (no author , 2006 , the Chicago Police Unit discovered that almost fifty percent of here . Also , in the article Drug Gangs attack police in Los Angeles (No author , 2006 ) The Los Angeles officers that were on a mission to go undercover ( Using civilian clothes ) had been attacked several times when thy posed as ordinary citizens . Because , the gangs have now escalated their criminal activities focusing on drug deals and street wars targeting police officers . Currently , the gang members are brave enough to confront all authorities and rival gangs when their drug and street territory is trespassed . The Los Angeles police department reported several occasions where gang members would stalk , assault and fire at police officers

Furthermore , because of the existence of gangs and the criminal activities of gangs , the people have been used to avoid streets and communities where the gangs operate . The gangs have been grown strong enough to the point where the gangs can fight it out with the police officers on the streets . Many police cars have been shot at by gang members as they cruise the streets of Los Angeles , Chicago and New York In view of this , the people have learned to stay home early and to buy their own cars to be safe . For , it is safer to go to work and return home if you have a car as compared to riding vehicles for hire Fortunately , only a small percentage of the territory of the United States has been infested with the gang virus

Explaining the similarities of the Gangs

Alcohol and violence are the centers of the life of a gang member (Hunt , 2001

For , alcohol is a part of socializing . Also , internal gang fighting is precipitated by alcohol . Thrasher 's study of 1 ,313 Chicago gangs in 1927 showed that addiction to drugs and the selling of drugs were the main activities of gangs here . The new Chicago gangs are focused on economic activities like drugs , etc . displacing the former reasons of members to receive honor

Research has shown gang life depicts of unity . For , the gang members feel that life is neither the work sphere nor the four walls of the classroom but in the spacious streets . For life on the street is covered by the laws of masculinity . Masculinity includes honor , respect and status which the youth feel that only the gang can freely give them Many youths feel that life on the street is synonymous with gang membership . Furthermore , gang members gain respect in the group by being street smart . Street smart includes having to defend their fellow gang members (homeboys ) or helping fellow members in times of need . Also members will have to defend the name of the gang

Furthermore , the article Race not space : a revisionist history of gangs in Chicago (Hagedorn , 2006 ) pronounced that the criminal acts of gang members are drawn on the line of race and on the basis of territorial jurisdiction . The Chicago School of sociology emphasizes that nativists , racists and clansmen of different races affirm this stand

In addition , the article Gang Violence Emerges in 2006 as Key Factor in Homicide Resurgence (No author , 2006 ) stated that the growing number violent drug and street gangs in Los Angeles are affecting big and few numbers is a key factor in the number of homicide rates in each locality . Included in the gangs ' statistics are the high number of murders of police officers there

CONCLUSION

The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin announced that gang violence has stayed with us for a very long time . Historically , gangs have emerged even before the United States declared its independence from England Furthermore , Records show that the gang The Sons of Liberty started way back to British governance . Evidently , After a hundred years , many ethnic gangs had so entrenched themselves in the same cities along the seafront between New York and Boston . As the United States grew in terms of territorial domain , the gangs sprung up in many urban communities around the Midwest and the West coast localities Historically , Chicago and Long some parts of California have long traditions of homicides perpetrated by gangs there

There is no major difference between the gangs of New York , Los Angeles and Chicago . For , all three places have gang members who go to all means to protect their current territory and increase their gang territory . The gang members in these three states have similar the same reasons for joining the group such as for the excitement of it belonging to a group , the business side of membership , to drink alcohol and socialize with many other persons , for masculinity and other reasons . In to reduce gang cases the states have approved more gun laws . These gun laws will increase the current penalties for gang crimes . Furthermore , government officials have started implementing the new laws on firearms in to lessen the number of homicides . For some , their only way to be safe from these gang members is to equip themselves with legal gun licenses and pack a gun or two for self defense . The disadvantage of this reasoning is that the legal gun owner may lose his gun to someone else and then a shooting spree will occur just like the recent Virginia Tech story where a Korean student unloaded the bullets in his gun on whoever he feels he wants to . There were more than thirty dead after the shooting (Ryan , 2007

In conclusion , gun laws must be implemented in to reduce the number of homicides and other criminal activities . Furthermore , the government 's police officers must double their efforts and to roam the streets to spot and decrease the gangs in these three locations At the end of the day , the benchmark to determine if the three states above passed their organization 's quiz is the decrease in the number of gang related crimes specifically , drug trafficking

REFERENCES

Klein , M , The American Street Gang : Its Nature , Prevalence , and Control , Oxford , University Press , New York , 1997

Ryan , J , Virginia Tech Shooting , The Columbia State , April , 2007

Brantley , A , Dirosa , A , Gangs : a national perspective , The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin , May 1994

Hunt , G , Laidler , K , Alcohol and Violence in the Lives of Gang Members , Alcohol Research Health , Winter , 2001

Hagedorn , J , Race not space : a revisionist history of gangs in Chicago Journal of African American History , March , 2006

No author , Gang Violence Emerges in 2006 as Key Factor in Homicide Resurgence

Organized Crime Digest , Dec , 2006

No author , LOS ANGELES CAMPAIGN CRACKS STREET GANG , Organized Crime Digest , Dec 15 , 2006

No author , New York : UPSATE CITIES WILL GET GREATER RESOURCES , Organized Crime Digest , Dec 29 , 2006

No author , Drug Gangs Attack Police in Los Angeles , Organized Crime Digest

Dec 15 , 2006

No author , Los Angeles Appeals for Aid to Hit Gangs , Organized Crime Digest , Dec 29 , 2006

No author , New York Takes on Gun Crime , Officer Assault , Organized Crime Digest , December 15 , 2006 ...

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