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Paper Topic:

Fine Arts

Multiple choice questions

1 ) D

2 ) B

3 ) C

4 ) E

5 ) D

6 ) D

7 ) E

8 ) B

9 ) D

10 ) B

11 ) C

12 ) C

13 ) E

14 ) D

15 ) E

16 ) B

17 ) C

18 ) A

19 ) A

20 ) B

Essay questions

1 ) Explain Medieval art and architecture from the Romanesque through the Gothic periods

The Medieval art period is a time frame in history that affected areas in Europe and in

the Middle East . Major art movements took place causing changes and renovations in different fields , including art themes , styles , techniques , subjects and overall concept . The Medieval period spanned over several numbers of years , and is defined by specific stages involving the different evolution of art

The Romanesque stage happened at around 1000 AD . The term was coined as a way to describe European art and architecture at the 11th and 12th century . One encompassing element of art from this period is the use of subjects of religious natures . The 11th century marked the rising powers of the church , and its inevitable influence on society was manifested through art

Paintings , sculptures and other decorative arts tend to lean towards themes regarding faith , religion and the church . Well known paintings from this era were called frescoes , and were made by the al-fresco ' technique . This is the painting of images on the wet limestone . In other areas , such as the Northern part of Europe , the contrary technique is done - al secco , on which the painting is done on dried limestone . It was the religious nature of the paintings and the light and divinity given by the limestone canvass that made these images famous

Several sculptures done on the Romanesque period also showed themes similar to the paintings . In fact , most of the famous sculptures can be found inside or in the courtyard and lawn of churches . Subjects are usually saints and other biblical characters and events . Sometimes , they are accompanied by paintings , also found in churches , to further exemplify the events they are trying to portray

The church also had huge influence and power over architecture Cathedrals were constructed as a way to show that power , and several elements were used to impress the common people as well as the royalties . One characteristic is the semi-circular arches found in windows and doorways . This is a common factor , and sometimes called the Roman ' element found in these cathedrals . In to support the roof of the nave , vaults are employed by two ways - the barrel vault where arches formed a half-cylindrical vault over a rectangular space and the groin vault , formed by the intersection of two arches . Another common feature is the massive body and thick walls , with very few windows

The Gothic period followed the Romanesque , around the mid-12th century Although the themes were still partially biased on Christianity , a few notable changes can be seen . One is the overall space of sculptures Gothic sculptures were said to be born on the wall , seen on hallways and abbeys...

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