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Paper Topic:

Evolution of Management principles from classical school to the present


INTRODUCTION - Formulation of the task of the study

BODY - discussion of the specific points

The Classical School of Management

The Behavioral School of Management

The Quantitative School of Management (Management Science

The Contingency School of Management

Theory Z School of Management

The Relevance of Various Schools of Management in my Current Work Environment


Nowadays the word management can be heard from the representatives of every walk of life . Indeed , it seems that the task of finding ways to properly employ management principles for the maximal

benefit has become the backbone of modern organizations . Therefore , it may be useful for many to remember that this state of affairs was not always the same . In fact , what can be viewed as the formal study of management as a set of coherent principles of organization that can be controlled and made more effective commenced only a little more than hundred years ago , in the end of the nineteenth century . Since then , the level of elaboration of principles of management has significantly evolved , and by today we have several branches within management thought usually separated by scholars into five major theoretical schools that in combination constitute a rich field for study , which is very relevant from the practical point of view as well . These schools are the classical school , the behavioral school , the quantitative school also known as management science , the contingency school , and finally Theory Z school of management . What is important in this respect is that even though some of those schools are viewed as classical , and some were born relatively recently , each of those schools contains useful insights that can be of great use in today`s complex environment in which we face constant and apparently accelerating changes . With these points in mind , let us trace the evolution of management principles from the classical school of management theory and management practices to the present , and try to relate one or more of them to my current work environment

The Classical School of Management

The classical school represents the first approach to the formalization of management thought , and its origins can be traced to the end of the nineteenth century . This school of management thought was mostly interested in finding ways of more efficient and productive management of organizations , and work in general . Within this scholarly approach three more specific fields of concern can be discerned , such as scientific management , bureaucratic management , and administrative management

Scientific management was the response to the slow pace of work characteristic to the nineteenth century , and to what was increasingly viewed as arbitrary , unjustified , and unsystematic process of decision-making , which inhibited development of organizations . In such circumstances , scientific management emerged as the systematic examination of various work methods that could increase efficiency . It was based on several main principles . Firstly , it demanded the adoption of strict methods of science to find the best ways of doing each type of work . Secondly , it promoted the view that the workforce has to be chosen in accordance with...

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