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Paper Topic:

Evaluating Super`s Life Span Theory

Evaluating Super 's Life Span , Life Space TheoryYour Title Goes Hereuating Super 's Life Span Theory

John Q . Student

________ University

Introduction

Super 's Life Span , Life Space theory of career development was developed in 1953 by D .E . Super . This theory provides an understanding of career choices and development across the life span of an individual . Super 's Life Span , Life Space model of career development has five stages - Growth , Exploration , Establishment , Maintenance , and Disengagement According to this theory , in his career , a person develops interests skills

, and values in his childhood he then explores work opportunities available to himself and tries out various options next he chooses one of these options and makes a greater commitment to one of them he adapts himself to cope with changes in work environment and then he indulges in decreased participation in work and retirement . In this essay , I will evaluate Super 's Life Span Theory

Evaluating Super 's Life Span , Life Space Theory

The Source of Super 's Life Span Theory - The initial ideas for the theory of Life Span and Life Space began germinating in Super 's mind during the late 1930s . This was the time when his interest turned to employment and occupations , developmental studies , and occupational mobility (Gysbers , Heppner Johnson , 2003 Super , Savickas Super 1996

Super was a doctoral student of Ginzberg 's and he was influenced by many of Ginzberg 's ideas . Ginzberg Associates had developed a theory of career development , in which they viewed career development as a long-term process , which could be divided into three periods : fantasy tentative , and realistic . Career decisions were the best adjustment between a person 's ideal preferences and the job opportunities available to him . Super thought that Ginzberg 's work lacked in many areas , one among which was the failure to take into account the existing information about educational and vocational development , which was quite comprehensive (Osipow Fitzgerald , 1996 ,

.111 . Ginzberg 's theory had three life stages , which were extended to five stages by Super . Super was of the view that job preferences and competencies , an individual 's life situations , and their self-concepts all change during the course of his life span . Super also developed the concept of vocational maturity , which may vary irrespective of the chronological age of an individual

Donald Super 's life span , life space approach to career development can also be said to be based to some extent on the Self Theory of Carl Rogers . According to Super 's theory , while making vocational choices individuals act according to their perception of themselves . Thus career choices are driven by self-concepts . A number of other scholars also influenced Super . Some of these were Hull , Thorndike , and Bandura who helped in shaping the part of the theory , which focuses on the distinct life roles of the individual , and the fact that personality and interests change across the life span , rather than just the first few decades of life (Super , Savickas , and Super , 1996

Assumptions of Super 's Theory...

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